Time and rate of sinus formation in pilonidal sinus disease
ABSTRACT and aims To elicit mechanisms and timing of sinus development, the role of age at onset of symptoms, symptomatic disease duration, and consecutive number of sinuses were investigated.
Analysis of 1,962 medical records of patients admitted for primary surgical pilonidal sinus treatment.
Sinus number ranged from 1 to 16 (median 2), with chronic pilonidal disease showing more sinuses than acute disease (mean 2.6 vs 2.1 sinuses; p < 0.0001; Kolmogorov-Smirnov). Disease duration in chronic pilonidal disease was not linked to sinus formation (p = 0.98; Spearman). In acute pilonidal disease, duration was linked to the development of six sinuses per 1,000 symptomatic disease years (p = 0.0001; Spearman). A larger sinus number correlated with earlier onset of symptoms (p = 0.009; Spearman).
Long-standing chronic disease does not produce sinus per se. As sinus does not substantially arise during the course of symptomatic disease, there must be a time before the start of symptomatic disease when the sinus originates. These findings suggest that sinus can only be acquired up to a certain age, even if occupational exposure continues.
SourceAvailable from: Dietrich DollInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease 05/2014; 29(10). DOI:10.1007/s00384-014-1897-8 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: With pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) incidence increasing and patients freely choosing their surgeon, patients' interest issues have been brought forward estimating patient satisfaction following pilonidal sinus surgery. The influence of wound healing time and long-term recurrence rate on patient satisfaction in primary PSD surgery has not been investigated yet. Five hundred eighty-three patients (German military cohort) were interviewed, compiling wound healing time, aesthetic satisfaction, long-term recurrence-free survival and patient satisfaction having undergone primary open (PO) treatment, marsupialization (MARS) or primary midline closure (PMC) treatment. Recurrence rate was determined by Kaplan-Meier calculation following up to 20 years after primary PSD surgery. Patient satisfaction ranking from 1 to 10 (10 = max. satisfied) showed an average satisfaction of 8.2 (range 0-10; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 7891-8250). In-hospital stay time was significantly longer in primary open (PO) and marsupialization (MARS) group as compared to primary midline closure (PMC; p < 0.0001, Kruskal-Wallis test). Satisfaction was comparable between treatment groups, and was neither linked to in-hospital stay time nor to longer outpatient wound care period or total treatment time. Recurrence-free survival, as seen in the PO and PMC treatment group, revealed a highly significant difference for all patients. Improvement in MARS patients with versus without recurrence was low, as satisfaction with primary treatment was lower as the other groups. Neither choice of surgical treatment nor treatment duration within hospital or after hospital influences patient satisfaction, as long as recurrence-free survival can be provided. Marsupialization was ranked lower in both groups (with or without recurrence), and should be abandoned, as patients are significantly less satisfied with either results, independent of recurrence.International Journal of Colorectal Disease 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00384-015-2130-0 · 2.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background. Few studies have reported long-term recurrence rates after asymmetric excision with primary closure in the treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease. Methods. A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database of 550 surgical excisions performed for sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease between 1988 and 2005 was performed. Results. A total of 550 patients with a diagnosis of pilonidal sinus underwent surgical excision over a period of 17 years. Thirty-eight out of the 550 patients (3.5%) were lost at follow-up. At a mean follow up of 11.2 ± 5.3 years, median 11 years (range = 3-22), the recurrence rate was 8.9%. Actuarial 1-, 5-, 10-, and 20-year disease-free survival rates were 98%, 94%, 92%, and 83%, respectively, with a median overall disease-free survival of 10 years (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3-15). When patients were stratified according to several variables known to influence recurrence, an age of less or ≥22 years (odds ratio [OR] = 1.5, 95% CI = 0.3-7.5, P = .001), a family history of sinus (OR = 5.9, 95% CI = 2.7-12, P = .0001), and intraoperative methylene blue use (OR = 6.3, 95% CI = 1.2-31, P = .024) were indicated as independent predictors of disease-free survival rates. Conclusions. D-shape asymmetric excision and scar lateralization, with primary multilayer subcuticular closure, suction drain insertion, and skin closure in patients with sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease is a safe and adequate surgical treatment offering an effective healing rate as well as low recurrence. Several features are likely to predict a better or a worse long-term recurrence rate in patients undergoing surgery for sinus pilonidalis.Surgical Innovation 06/2014; DOI:10.1177/1553350614535856 · 1.34 Impact Factor