Prognostic value of pentraxin 3 in patients with chronic heart failure
ABSTRACT A long pentraxin, PTX3, is produced by vascular cells or inflammatory cells and released into the circulation, possibly reflecting local inflammation in the cardiovascular system.
This study was designed to assess the clinical significance of plasma pentraxin 3 (PTX3) levels in chronic heart failure (CHF).
We measured plasma PTX3 levels in 37 patients with non-ischemic CHF (dilated cardiomyopathy) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods.
The plasma PTX3 levels were higher in CHF patients than in healthy subjects (P=0.001), and the CHF patients in the highest tertile of plasma PTX3 levels had more cardiac events than the patients in the lowest tertile (42% vs. 0%, P=0.02). Multivariate regression analysis showed that PTX3 was the most significant predictor of cardiac events (hazard ratio 1.912 for each increase in PTX3 of 1 ng/ml, P=0.019, 95% CI 1.114-3.282). In addition, PTX3 was strikingly expressed in human myocardial cells obtained from a biopsy specimen in a patient.
Plasma PTX3 levels might be a potentially useful biomarker to predict prognosis as well as to detect inflammatory status in patients with CHF.
- SourceAvailable from: Giuseppe Coppolino[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with an increase in cytokines and inflammatory markers, particularly in elderly patients in whom chronic inflammation is generally present per se. In the present pilot study, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a recently discovered cytokine, was analyzed together with different clinical and laboratory parameters in a small cohort of 46 elderly patients with CHF of various degrees. NGAL levels in the cohort were found to be significantly higher than in healthy age-balanced controls (458.5 [62.5-1212.4] vs. 37.8 [15.9-46.5] ng/mL; p = 0.0001). Furthermore, NGAL values increased in parallel with the clinical severity of CHF (New York Heart Association [NYHA] classification), the highest levels being reached in class IV patients (p = 0.0001). After a 2-year follow up, Kaplan-Meier curves indicated that patients with baseline NGAL > 783 ng/mL (best receiver operating characteristic [ROC]-derived cut-off value) had a significantly higher mortality (p = 0.001; log-rank test) and 4.08 hazards ratio (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29-12.96) for death than the other subjects considered. Although preliminary, our findings suggest that NGAL plays a pivotal role in the systemic adaptation to chronic heart failure in elderly patients. Moreover, they indicate, for the first time, that measurement of NGAL may be of important prognostic value in the assessment of survival, thus extending the predictive properties of this cytokine beyond the clinical field of renal disease.Rejuvenation Research 02/2009; 12(1):7-14. DOI:10.1089/rej.2008.0803 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Heart failure is a complex systemic syndrome resulting from significant impairment of cardiac function. A vast array of biological pathways is now known to be involved in heart failure, including deleterious pathways promoting its development and progression, as well as compensatory cardioprotective pathways. Some of the components of these pathways are now recognized as biomarkers of this condition, and can aid diagnosis, prognostication and guide management. As the understanding of the pathophysiology of heart failure progresses, further candidate biomarkers are being identified. This article reviews the literature regarding the more recently identified biomarkers and outlines areas requiring further study.Biomarkers in Medicine 10/2009; 3(5):453-63. DOI:10.2217/bmm.09.42 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We prospectively investigated the prognostic value of pentraxin 3 (PTX3) in patients with unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI). PTX3 may be a useful marker for localized vascular inflammation and damage to the cardiovascular system. Recent studies have shown that plasma PTX3 is elevated in patients with UA/NSTEMI; however, its prognostic value in UA/NSTEMI remains unclear. PTX3, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and cardiac troponin I were measured on admission in 204 consecutive patients (mean age of 69 years; 144 males) hospitalized for UA/NSTEMI within 24h (mean of 7.5h) after the onset of chest symptoms. A cardiac event, which was defined as cardiac death, rehospitalization for acute coronary syndrome (ACS), or rehospitalization for worsening heart failure, was monitored for 6 months after admission. A total of 26 (13%) cardiac events occurred during the 6-month follow-up period. In a stepwise Cox regression analysis including 18 well-known clinical and biochemical predictors of ACS outcome, both PTX3 (relative risk 3.86 per 10-fold increment, P=0.01) and NT-proBNP (relative risk 2.16 per 10-fold increment, P=0.02), but not hsCRP, were independently associated with the 6-month cardiac event. The cardiac event rate was higher in patients with increased PTX3 (> or = 3.1ng/mL of median value) than those without (20% vs. 5.8%, P=0.003). A Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with increased PTX3 had a higher risk for cardiac events than those without (P=0.002). PTX3 and NT-proBNP may be potent and independent predictors for 6-month cardiac events in patients hospitalized for UA/NSTEMI within 24h after the onset. Measurement of plasma PTX3 may substantially improve the early risk stratification of patients with UA/NSTEMI.Atherosclerosis 11/2009; 210(1):220-5. DOI:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2009.10.033 · 3.97 Impact Factor