Injury rate and socioeconomic costs resulting from sports injuries in Flanders: data derived from sports insurance statistics 2003.
ABSTRACT This study determines the injury rate (%) and the associated direct medical and indirect costs of sports injuries in Flanders.
Epidemiological cohort designs and a human capital method were set up to measure respectively the medical direct and indirect cost of sports injuries.
72 out of 82 Flemish sports federations participated.
Insurance statistics from 2003 were used to determine the overall rate of injury and injury localisations. Using these data, the medical direct cost and the impact sports injuries have on indirect costs were estimated. The indirect costs were determined by multiplying the days of absence from work with the daily cost resulting from a loss of production, being 200 euros.
The total direct medical cost extrapolated for the Flemish sports participants was 15,027,423 euros, which amounted to 0.07% to 0.08% of the total budget spent on healthcare. The indirect cost extrapolated for the Flemish sports participants was 111,420,813 euros, which is about 3.4% of the costs arising from absenteeism from work.
Of the 14 in-depth analysed sports, the rate of injury was highest in European team handball (8.96%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 8.95-8.96) and lowest in swimming (0.62%; 95% CI 0.62-0.62). The highest direct medical cost was found for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries (1358 euros per injury) and the lowest for foot injuries (52 euros per injury).
The costs calculated in this study could become critical statistics in medical care debates. Data obtained here will enable a cost-benefit analysis of the impact of preventive measures to be made.
- SourceAvailable from: Kirsten Jorgensen[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Aims: The aim of the present study was to investigate absence from work in Denmark due to occupational and non-occupational accidents. Background: Since the beginning of the last decade, political focus has been placed on the population's working capacity and the scope of absence due to illness. Absence from work is estimated at between 3% and 6% of working hours in the EU and costs are estimated at approximately 2.5% of GNP. Methods: Victims of accidents treated at two emergency departments were interviewed regarding absence for the injured, the family and others. All answers were linked to the hospital information on the injury, so that it was possible to examine the relation between absence and injury type, and cause of the accident. Results: In total, 1,479 injured persons were interviewed. 36% of these reported absence from work by themselves or others. In mean, an injury caused 3.21 days of absence. Based on this the total absence due to injuries in Denmark was estimated to 1,822,000 workdays, corresponding to approximately 6% of the total absence from work due to all types of illness. Non-occupational injuries resulted in more absence than did occupational injuries. Conclusions: Absence due to accidents contributed to a considerable part of the total absence from work, and non-occupational accidents caused more absence than did occupational accidents.Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 12/2012; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Following the onset of maturation, female athletes have a significantly higher risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury compared with male athletes. While multiple sex differences in lower-extremity neuromuscular control and biomechanics have been identified as potential risk factors for ACL injury in females, the majority of these studies have focused specifically on the knee joint. However, increasing evidence in the literature indicates that lumbo-pelvic (core) control may have a large effect on knee-joint control and injury risk. This review examines the published evidence on the contributions of the trunk and hip to knee-joint control. Specifically, the sex differences in potential proximal controllers of the knee as risk factors for ACL injury are identified and discussed. Sex differences in trunk and hip biomechanics have been identified in all planes of motion (sagittal, coronal and transverse). Essentially, female athletes show greater lateral trunk displacement, altered trunk and hip flexion angles, greater ranges of trunk motion, and increased hip adduction and internal rotation during sport manoeuvres, compared with their male counterparts. These differences may increase the risk of ACL injury among female athletes. Prevention programmes targeted towards trunk and hip neuromuscular control may decrease the risk for ACL injuries.Sports Medicine 07/2011; 41(7):541-57. · 5.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ankle sprain in athletic is resulting in reduce ability of balance and ankle control. The exercise program, which is a part of physical therapy treatment, has been proved in improving balance and ankle control in athletes with ankle sprain. Our sensorimotor training program has been proved that increased the dynamic balance ankle abilities. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of our sensorimotor training programs on static balance in soccer players with chronic ankle sprain. Thirty subjects were randomly separated into two groups. The experimental group (n=15) received standard exercise (elastic tube exercise) combined with developing sensorimotor training programs. The control group (n=15) performed only standard exercise. Balance control of unilateral stance (effected side) was compared between before and after training by using a Prosmart balance version 8®. The parameter was mean center of gravity (COG) sway velocity. Mean center of gravity sway velocity values were analyzed by using a Two-way mix ANOVA. It was found that there were no significant differences in mean center of gravity sway velocity between the control and the experimental groups either before or after the training program. However, there were significant difference within group between before and after exercise. From our study, the combined training exercise was not affecting the balance control in chronic ankle sprain. However, it confirmed the positive results of sensorimotor training program in physical therapy for athletics with chronic ankle sprain.Journal of Health Science. 11/2012; 21:1200-1209.