Increased expression and activation of IL-12-induced Stat4 signaling in the mucosa of ulcerative colitis patients.
ABSTRACT Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic inflammatory diseases with unsolved pathogenesis. Imbalanced Th1/Th2 may play a role in the sustained inflammation of IBD. In China, CD is rare but the incidence of UC has been rising steadily in the last two decades. We investigated the expression of IL-12 (p40) and IFN-gamma, and the activational state of Stat4 signaling in mucosal tissues at the site of disease from 30 active UC patients in comparison with 30 healthy controls. RT-PCR analyses revealed increased mRNA expression of IL-12 (p40) but not IFN-gamma in UC patients. Western blot analyses discovered, for the first time, increased levels of constitutive Stat4 in the cytoplasm and phosphorylated Stat4 in the nucleus of mucosal cells from UC patients. We conclude that a heightened, perhaps persistent, activational state of IL-12/Stat4, and/or IL-23/Stat4 signaling may be present in active Chinese UC patients, and possibly involved in chronic inflammation in UC.
- SourceAvailable from: Alessio Fasano[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The gut harbors the largest immune system in the body. The mucosa is considered to be the initial site of interaction with commensal and pathogenic organisms; therefore, it is the first line of defense against the pathogens. In response to the invasion of various pathogens, naïve CD4(+) cells differentiate into subsets of T helper (Th) cells that are characterized by different cytokine profiles. Cytokines bind to cell surface receptors on both immune and non-immune cells leading to activation of JAK-STAT signaling pathway and influence gut function by upregulating the expression of specific target genes. This review considers the roles of cytokines and receptor-mediated activation of STATs on pathogen-induced changes in gut function. The focus on STAT4 and STAT6 is because of their requirement for the full development of Th1 and Th2 cytokine profiles.Gut Microbes 01/2010; 1(5):316-324.
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ABSTRACT: Several studies have reported the relationship between the STAT4 rs7574865G > T polymorphism as a susceptibility factor to ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the results have been controversial. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to obtain the most reliable estimate of the association.Archives of medical science : AMS. 06/2014; 10(3):419-24.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: STAT4, which acts as the major signaling transducing STATs in response to IL-12, is a central mediator in generating inflammation during protective immune responses and immune-mediated diseases. Areas covered: This review summarizes that STAT4 is essential for the differentiation and function of a wide variety of immune cells, including natural killer cells, mast cells, dendritic cells and T helper cells. In addition, STAT4-mediated signaling promoted the production of autoimmune-associated components, which are implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis and psoriasis. Expert opinion: Due to its crucial roles in inflammation and autoimmunity, STAT4 may have promise as an effective therapeutic target for autoimmune diseases. Understanding the molecular mechanisms driving STAT4, together with knowledge on the ability of current immunosuppressive treatment to target this process, may open an avenue to novel therapeutic options.Expert opinion on therapeutic targets. 05/2014;