Inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver successfully treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: a challenge diagnosis for one not so rare entity.
ABSTRACT Inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver is a rare, benign lesion characterized by a well-circumscribed mass of chronic inflammatory cell infiltration and proliferating fibrous tissue. Its etiology remains unclear, although inflammatory processes have been proposed. It is often misdiagnosed as a malignant tumor, and the management has been traditionally surgical. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who was referred from another hospital with a fever of >38 degrees C with rigor and right upper quadrant pain which he had suffered from for 5 days. The ultrasonographic computed tomography and MRI findings were not diagnostic, and we performed a needle biopsy from the lesion that was consistent with inflammatory pseudotumor (of liver, mixed fibrous tissue and chronic inflammatory cell infiltration). The patient was treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and had an uneventful clinical course. During follow-up, the lesion subsequently shrank to completely vanish 1 year later.
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ABSTRACT: Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) of the liver is a rare disease characterized by chronic infiltration of inflammatory cells. However, the clinical characteristics and outcomes of IPT remain uncertain. Clinical features, image findings, and outcomes of 55 patients with histologically proven IPT were evaluated. They consisted of 26 men and 19 women with median age of 65 years. Serum carcinoembryonal antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels were normal in 42 patients (93.3%). Enhanced CT scans indicated poorly defined peripheral enhancement (82.5%) at the arterial phase and poorly defined hyperattenuating lesions with internal hypoattenuating areas at the equilibrium phase (77.0%). Gadolinium-enhancement MRI revealed poorly defined peripheral rim-like enhancement (77.8%). Ten patients underwent surgical resection and 35 were treated conservatively with or without antibiotics. No recurrence was noted after surgical resection during follow-up (1 to 48 months). In all patients who received conservative treatment, complete resolution or size reduction was noted during follow-up (1 to 192 months). CT and MRI provide clues to the diagnosis of IPT in patients with liver masses and normal tumor markers. However, due to the lack of pathognomonic findings, the clinician's suspicion and histological diagnosis are necessary to make an accurate diagnosis of IPT.Gut and Liver 01/2014; 8(1):58-63.
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ABSTRACT: Inflammatory pseudotumors (IPT) of the liver are fairly uncommon lesions. IPTs are difficult to diagnose due to the absence of specific symptoms. The correct diagnosis is easily missed, particularly in livers with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis. The current study presents the case of a 58-year-old male with a ten-year history of HBV infection, who was diagnosed with a primary liver tumor by computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The α-fetoprotein levels ranged within normal limits. A local resection was performed and the histopathological analysis identified IPT of the liver. The patient recovered well following surgery.Oncology letters 08/2013; 6(2):550-552. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess gadoxetic acid-enhanced and diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) of the liver using combined 2-[(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) positron-emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT), and to evaluate clinical course with volume change on follow-up. Gadoxetic acid-enhanced and DW MRI findings of 18 histopathologically proven hepatic IMTs in 13 patients were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features, qualitative (signal intensity and enhancement pattern) and quantitative data [apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)], and analysis of FDG-PET/CT findings were collected. The volume of IMTs during follow-up was measured using a tumour half-time. Most of the IMTs (9/13, 69.2%) were found incidentally. IMTs were predominantly seen as well-defined (16/18, 88.9%) masses with peritumoural hypointensity during the hepatobiliary phase (17/18, 94.4%) and showed five morphological types: target-like hypervascular mass (n = 9), hypovascular mass (n = 5), heterogeneous enhancing mass (n = 2), sclerosing mass (n = 1), and non-target hypervascular mass (n = 1). All lesions showed diffusion restriction and hypermetabolic mass on FDG-PET/CT images. The mean ADC value and ADC ratio of IMTs to liver were 0.828 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s and 0.76, respectively. On follow-up, all 11 IMTs showed rapid regression (mean tumour half-time, 38.49 days) with no tumour recurrence or distant metastasis. Although hepatic IMTs can mimic abscess and malignant tumours at MRI and PET/CT, peritumoural hypointensity during the hepatobiliary phase with rapid regression on follow-up could be helpful for differentiating it from other lesions.Clinical radiology 02/2014; · 1.65 Impact Factor