Aripiprazole: in adolescents with schizophrenia.
ABSTRACT Aripiprazole is a novel atypical antipsychotic that is approved in the US for use in adolescents with schizophrenia. In adolescents with schizophrenia, oral aripiprazole 10 or 30 mg/day lead to significantly greater reductions than placebo in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score from baseline to 6 weeks, according to findings from a randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial (n = 302). In addition, aripiprazole 10 or 30 mg/day recipients had significantly greater improvements in the PANSS positive subscale and Clinical global Impression-Severity and -Improvement scale scores than placebo recipients, and a significantly greater improvement in the PANSS negative subscale score was seen with aripiprazole 10 mg/day than with placebo. Aripiprazole was generally well tolerated in adolescents with schizophrenia, with most adverse events being of mild to moderate severity. Clinically significant weight gain (> or = 7% as defined by the US FDA) occurred in 4.0% of aripiprazole 10 mg/day recipients, 5.2% of aripiprazole 30 mg/day recipients, and 1% of placebo recipients. The mean weight change was significantly different in aripiprazole and placebo recipients (0, +2, and -0.8 kg in aripiprazole 10 mg/day, aripiprazole 30 mg/day, and placebo recipients, respectively).
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ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this case series was to assess the effectiveness and tol-erability of aripiprazole in Korean children and adolescents with early-onset schizophrenia spectrum (EOSS) disorder.Methods: The medical records of aripiprazole-treated patients with EOSS were retrospectively reviewed. Changes in illness severity were measured using the Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness (CGI-S) and Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I) scales.Results: Data from 22 children and adolescents were included (12 girls, 10 boys; mean [SD] age, 14.0 [2.4] years). The mean (SD) dosage of aripiprazole was 19.8 (9.4) mg/d (median, 18.7 mg/d; mode, 15, 30 mg/d), and the range of treatment duration was 21 to 838 days. Mean (SD) CGI-S score improved significantly from baseline to end point (from 5.7 [0.7] to 4.3 [1.4]; P < 0.001). Based on changes in chart-extracted CGI-I scores, significantly greater improvement was associated with negative symptoms compared with positive symptoms (U = 25.5; P = 0.028; r = −0.47). Aripiprazole was discontinued due to insufficient effect in 5 patients (22.7%) and treatment-emergent adverse events in 3 patients (13.6%).Conclusion: The results from this small study suggest that aripiprazole was moderately effective in reducing psychotic symptoms in these Korean children and adolescents with EOSS.Current Therapeutic Research 04/2009; 70(2):173-183. DOI:10.1016/j.curtheres.2009.04.007 · 0.45 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Psychosis is a common and difficult to treat symptom in Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is a cause of diminished quality of life and caregiver distress. Atypical antipsychotics are frequently used for the treatment of dementia-related psychosis, despite FDA warnings because of increased mortality associated with the use of these medications in dementia patients. Aripiprazole is a newer atypical antipsychotic drug with partial agonist activity at dopamine receptors and antagonist activity at 5-HT(2A) receptors, with a low side-effect profile. Areas covered: This descriptive review gives a short overview of the pathology and epidemiology of AD, including psychotic symptoms, and describes the mode of action of aripiprazole and results of preclinical studies. Finally, randomized controlled trials evaluating the use of aripiprazole in AD-related psychosis and agitation are discussed. Whenever relevant, meta-analytical data from literature are referred to. Expert opinion: In randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials, aripiprazole shows modest efficacy in the treatment of AD-related psychosis. Neuropsychiatric symptoms alleviated were predominantly psychotic features and agitation. In individual trials, aripiprazole was generally well tolerated, serious side effects were seldom reported and included accidental injury and somnolence. Meta-analyses however demonstrated increased mortality as a class effect for atypical, but also for typical antipsychotics. No increased cardiovascular outcomes, cerebrovascular accidents, increased appetite or weight gain were demonstrated in meta-analyses for aripiprazole-treated patients with psychosis of dementia. Aripiprazole was found to induce sedation. Aripiprazole should only be used in selected patient populations resistant to non-pharmacological treatment with persisting or severe psychotic symptoms and/or agitation, and in which symptoms lead to significant morbidity, patient suffering and potential self-harm. The indication for continuing treatment should be revised regularly.Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy 01/2013; DOI:10.1517/14656566.2013.764989 · 3.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bipolar disorder is a pernicious illness. Compared with the later-onset form, early onset bipolar disorder is associated with worse psychosocial outcomes, and is characterized by rapid cycling and increased risks of substance abuse and suicide attempts. Controlling mood episodes and preventing relapse in this group of pediatric patients requires careful treatment. Here, we review the effectiveness of aripiprazole for bipolar disorder in children and adolescents, with discussion of this drug's unique pharmacological profile and various clinical study outcomes. Aripiprazole acts as a serotonin 5-HT2A receptor antagonist, as well as a partial agonist of the serotonin 5-HT1A and dopamine D2 receptors. It can be safely used in children and adolescents, as it is highly tolerated and shows lower rates of the side effects typically observed with other antipsychotic drugs, including sedation, weight gain, hyperprolactinemia, and extrapyramidal syndrome. The presently reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs generally reported aripiprazole to be effective and well-tolerated in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. However, due to the limited number of RCTs, the present conclusions must be evaluated cautiously. Furthermore, aripiprazole cannot yet be considered a preferred treatment for children and adolescents with bipolar disorder, as there is not yet evidence that aripiprazole shows greater efficacy compared to other second-generation antipsychotics. Additional data are needed from future head-to-head comparison studies.Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics 01/2014; 5:211-221. DOI:10.2147/AHMT.S50015