Repeatability and reproducibility of pachymetric mapping with Visante anterior segment-optical coherence tomography.
ABSTRACT To determine the repeatability and reproducibility of central and peripheral corneal pachymetry mapping with anterior segment-optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT).
An observational cross-sectional study involving two groups: 27 healthy eyes and 20 eyes with keratoconus. Each subject underwent scanning sessions with AS-OCT to determine intraobserver repeatability, interobserver reproducibility, and additionally for healthy eyes, intersession reproducibility for different regions of the cornea up to a 10-mm diameter. Main outcome measures were reproducibility and repeatability coefficients, intraclass correlation coefficients, and coefficients of variation of the average central (0-2 mm), pericentral (2-5 mm), transitional (5-7 mm), and peripheral (7-10 mm) corneal thicknesses generated by the Visante AS-OCT (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, CA) pachymetric mapping protocol.
The coefficients of repeatability were less than 2% in healthy subjects and less than 3% in patients with keratoconus. The reproducibility coefficients were less than 2% and 4% in healthy subjects and patients with keratoconus, respectively. There was no significant difference between scans obtained by different observers or during different visits. The intraclass correlation coefficients were greater than 0.99 and 0.97 in healthy subjects and patients with keratoconus, respectively.
With the pachymetric mapping protocol of Visante AS-OCT, these results suggest that central and peripheral corneal thickness measurements in healthy subjects and in eyes with keratoconus are repeatable and reproducible.
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ABSTRACT: To compare central corneal thickness measurements of three pachymetry devices in eyes after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Central corneal thickness was measured in 203 eyes after myopic LASIK. Orbscan II scanning slit topography (Bausch & Lomb), SP-2000P non-contact specular microscopy (Topcon), and ultrasonic pachymetry (Tomey) were used in this sequence. Three devices gave significantly different corneal thickness readings (p<0.0001, repeated measure analysis of variance). The measurements of Orbscan II (445.6 (SD 60.0) microm) were significantly smaller than those of noncontact specular microscopy (467.9 (SD 40.2) micro m; p<0.0001, Tukey multiple comparison) and ultrasonic pachymetry (478.8 (SD 41.9) microm; p<0.0001). The value obtained with SP-2000P non-contact specular microscopy was significantly smaller than that taken with ultrasonic pachymetry (p<0.001). There were significant linear correlations between scanning slit topography and non-contact specular microscopy (Pearson's correlation coefficient r = 0.912, p<0.0001), non-contact specular microscopy and ultrasonic pachymetry (r = 0.968, p<0.0001), and ultrasonic pachymetry and scanning slit topography (r = 0.933, p<0.0001). In post-LASIK eyes, Orbscan II scanning slit topography significantly underestimated corneal thickness. Non-contact specular microscopy gave smaller thickness readings than ultrasonic pachymetry, but these two units showed an excellent linear correlation.British Journal of Ophthalmology 04/2004; 88(4):466-8. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess the repeatability and interoperator and intersession reproducibility of central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements made by a commercially available optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. Intersession and interoperator reproducibility and repeatability were defined according to the guidelines of the British Standards Institution and examined in a control group of 14 normal subjects. An in-house computer program was used to evaluate central corneal thickness from these scans. The coefficient of interoperator reproducibility was 0.18%, whereas that for intersession reproducibility was 1.11%. Wilcoxon analysis (5% level of significance) showed that there was no statistically significant difference between scans acquired during different sessions or by different operators. Coefficients of repeatability were all less than 3%. The average CCT was 526 +/- 28 microm (SD) and the range of normal CCT between 5th and 95th percentiles was 498 to 576 microm. Although the commercially available OCT scanner was designed for retinal imaging, with a few minor modifications, the system may be used to image the anterior segment. Previous studies have shown that OCT measurements correlate well with those from conventional techniques, and it has the added advantage of being a noncontact technique. This study further demonstrates that the OCT measurements show a high degree of repeatability and reproducibility. Thus, OCT is emerging as a promising tool for evaluation of CCT in the clinical setting.Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 07/2002; 43(6):1791-5. · 3.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To map corneal thickness before and after LASIK with optical coherence tomography (OCT). Cross-sectional observational study. Forty-two eyes of 21 normal subjects undergoing LASIK. A high-speed (2000 axial scans/second) 1.3-microm-wavelength corneal and anterior segment OCT prototype was used for corneal scanning. The scan pattern consisted of 10-mm radial lines on 8 meridians centered on the vertex reflection. The entire scan pattern of 1024 a-scans was acquired in 0.5 seconds. We developed automated computer processing for 3-dimensional corneal reconstruction and measurement. Corneal thickness was measured normal to the anterior surface and presented as color pachymetry maps and zonal statistics. The maps were divided into a central zone (<2 mm) and 3 annular areas (pericentral, 2-5 mm; transitional, 5-7 mm; peripheral, 7-10 mm), which were further divided into quadrantal zones. The average, minimum, and maximum corneal thicknesses were computed for zones within the 7-mm diameter. Optical coherence tomography and ultrasound pachymetry were measured 3 times at the preoperative and 3-month postoperative visits. Reproducibility was assessed by the pooled standard deviations (SDs) of the repeated measurements. Optical coherence tomography pachymetric map and zonal statistic, and ultrasound pachymetry. Before LASIK, central corneal thicknesses (CCTs) were 546.9+/-29.4 microm (mean +/- SD) for OCT and 553.3+/-33.0 microm for ultrasound. After LASIK, CCTs were 513.7+/-44.5 microm for OCT and 498+/-46.6 microm for ultrasound. Optical coherence tomography and ultrasound CCT were highly correlated (Pearson correlation r = 0.97 before LASIK and 0.98 afterwards). Optical coherence tomography CCT was slightly less than ultrasound CCT before surgery (mean difference, -6.4 microm; 95% limits of agreement, -23.2 to 10.4 microm) but slightly greater after LASIK (15.7 microm; -1.6 to 33 microm). These differences were statistically significant, but no more than the CCT measurement differences between ultrasound pachymeters. The reproducibility of the OCT zonal pachymetry averages was roughly 2 microm. High-speed OCT provided noncontact, rapid, reproducible pachymetric mapping over a wide area of the cornea. It is equivalent to ultrasound for CCT measurement before and after LASIK. This technology could be valuable for planning keratorefractive procedures and diagnosis of corneal diseases.Ophthalmology 06/2006; 113(5):792-9.e2. · 5.56 Impact Factor