Isolation of a multi-functional endogenous cellulase gene from mollusc, Ampullaria crossean.
ABSTRACT The cellulase genes of some animals, most coding for endo-beta-1,4-glucanases, were found and cloned. There has been no reports about genes encoding exo-beta-1,4-glucanase or endo- -1,4-xylanase from animal. Here we cloned the cDNA of a cellulase designated as EGX from mollusc, Ampullaria crossean, and expressed it in Pichia pastoris for the first time. The cellulase EGX is a multi-functional beta cellulase with the activities of exo-beta-1,4-glucanase, endo-beta-1,4-glucanase and endo-beta-1,4-xylanase. The opening reading frame of EGX cDNA is 1185 bp and encodes 395 amino acids. The EGX gene can also be amplificated from the genomic DNA by PCR, which verified the endogenous origin of this gene. This EGX gene was the first multi-functional cellulase gene that was directly isolated from animals.
- SourceAvailable from: Fumihiko Okumura[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We previously identified the cellulase SnEG54 from Japanese purple sea urchin Strongylocentrotus nudus, the molecular mass of which is about 54kDa on SDS-PAGE. It is difficult to express and purify a recombinant cellulase protein using bacteria such as Escherichia coli or yeast. In this study, we generated mammalian expression vectors encoding SnEG54 to transiently express SnEG54 in mammalian cells. Both SnEG54 expressed in mammalian cells and SnEG54 released into the culture supernatant showed hydrolytic activity toward carboxymethyl cellulose. By using a retroviral expression system, we also established a mammalian cell line that constitutively produces SnEG54. Unexpectedly, SnEG54 released into the culture medium was not stable, and the peak time showing the highest concentration was approximately 1-2days after seeding into fresh culture media. These findings suggest that non-mammalian sea urchin cellulase can be generated in human cell lines but that recombinant SnEG54 is unstable in culture medium due to an unidentified mechanism.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 04/2010; 395(3):352-5. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cellulose is the main non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) in plant cell walls and acts as anti-nutritional factor in animal feed. However, monogastric animals do not synthesize enzymes that cleave such plant structural polysaccharides and thus waste of resources and pollute the environment. We described the vectors construction and co-expressions of a multi-functional cellulase EGX (with the activities of exo-β-1,4-glucanase, endo-β-1,4-glucanase, and endo-β-1,4-xylanase activities) from mollusca, Ampullaria crossean and a β-glucosidase BGL1 from Asperjillus niger in CHO cells and the transgenic mice. The recombinant enzymes were synthesised, secreted by the direction of pig PSP signal peptide and functionally active in the eukaryote systems including both of CHO cells and transgenic mice by RT-PCR analysis, western blot analysis and cellulolytic enzymes activities assays. Expressions were salivary glands-specific dependent under the control of pig PSP promoter in transgenic mice. 2A peptide was used as the self-cleaving sequence to mediate co-expression of the fusion genes and the cleavage efficiency was very high both in vitro and in vivo according to the western blot analysis. In summary, we have demonstrated that the single ORF containing EGX and BGL1 were co-expressed by 2A peptide in CHO cells and transgenic mice. It presents a viable technology for efficient disruption of plant cell wall and liberation of nutrients. To our knowledge, this is the first report using 2A sequence to produce multiple cellulases in mammalian cells and transgenic animals.Transgenic Research 01/2013; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t We examined the feeding niche of four species of molluscs by analysis of their stable isotope signatures and cellulase activities to determine if they could utilize terrestrial organic matter. The molluscs and potential food sources were collected from the upper, middle and lower estuary of the Yura River from spring 2007 to winter 2008. All species showed positive cellulase activity which highlighted their potential to digest terrestrial organic matter. Consumption and assimilation of terrestrial organic matter by estuarine molluscs however varied spatially and temporally, reflecting species-specific differences in feeding niche and in response to variations in food availability in the estuary. Thus, terrestrial primary production in the catchment area supports secondary production of molluscs in the Yura River estuary.· 2.32 Impact Factor