Determination of the surface energy distributions of different processed lactose.

Surface Measurement Systems UK, London, UK.
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy (Impact Factor: 1.54). 12/2007; 33(11):1240-53. DOI: 10.1080/03639040701378035
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Particulate interactions between drug and lactose carrier in dry powder inhaler formulations are affected by the heterogenous energy distribution on the surface of the individual compounds. A new method based on Inverse Gas Chromatography at finite concentration is applied to study the energy heterogeneity of untreated, milled, and recrystallized lactose of similar particle size distribution. Energy distributions for the dispersive surface energy and the specific free energy of ethanol are obtained. Milling causes an increase in surface energy due to formation of amorphous regions. Untreated and recrystallized materials have similar surface energies at low surface coverages but show clear differences in energy distribution.