Article

Polymorphisms in the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein 5 (LRP5) Gene Are Associated with Peak Bone Mass in Non-sedentary Men: Results from the Odense Androgen Study

Department of Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital, 5000, Odense C, Denmark.
Calcified Tissue International (Impact Factor: 2.75). 12/2007; 81(6):421-9. DOI: 10.1007/s00223-007-9088-z
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate the impact of the Ala1330Val (rs3736228, exon 18) and Val667Met (rs4988321, exon 9) polymorphisms of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) gene on peak bone mass in young men.
The Odense Androgen Study (OAS) is a population-based study comprising 783 Caucasian men aged 20-30 years. Genotyping was performed using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or fluorescence polarization. Bone mineral density (BMD) measurements were performed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
The CC, CT, and TT genotypes in Ala1330Val were found in 75.6%, 21.8%, and 2.6% of the participants, respectively. Similarly, the GG, GA, and AA genotypes of Val667Met were found in 89.7%, 9.8%, and 0.5%, respectively. For the Ala1330Val polymorphism, no significant differences between the genotypes were found regarding BMD in the overall study population. However, when analysis was restricted to non-sedentary men (n = 589), a significant association between the number of T-alleles and BMD in the spine and whole body were found. Each copy of the T-allele changed the Z-score of the spine by (median and 95% confidence interval) -0.21 [95% CI: -0.40; -0.03] (p < 0.02). Analysis suggested an association between the AA genotype in the Val667Met polymorphism and increased body height and decreased BMD of the femoral neck; however, no significant gene-dose effect of the A-allele could be demonstrated in the whole population. When the analysis was restricted to non-sedentary subjects, however, each number of A-alleles was associated with a change in Z-score of -0.26 [95% CI: -0.51; -0.01] (p = 0.04). No further significant results emerged with haplotype analysis.
The Ala1330Val and Val667Met polymorphisms in the LRP5 gene are significantly associated with peak bone mass in physically active men.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Marianne Andersen, Jul 04, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
102 Views
  • Source
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A few years ago, human genetic studies provided compelling evidence that the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) is involved in the regulation of bone homeostasis because pathogenic LRP5 mutations were found in monogenic conditions with abnormal bone density. On the one hand, the osteoporosis pseudoglioma syndrome results from loss of function of LRP5, whereas on the other hand, gain-of-function mutations in LRP5 cause conditions with an increased bone density. On the molecular level, these types of mutations result in disturbed (respectively, decreased and increased) canonical Wnt signaling, an important metabolic pathway in osteoblasts during embryonic and postnatal osteogenesis. This signaling cascade is activated by binding of Wnt ligand to the Frizzled/LRP5 receptor complex. In addition to the involvement of LRP5 in conditions with extreme bone phenotypes, the genetic profile of this gene has also been shown to contribute to the determination of bone density in the general population. Quite a number of studies already demonstrated that common polymorphic variants in LRP5 are associated with bone mineral density and consequently osteoporosis, a multifactorial trait with low bone mass and porous bone structure. These genetic studies together with results obtained from in vitro and in vivo studies emphasize the importance of LRP5 and canonical Wnt signaling in the regulation of bone homeostasis. Therefore, unraveling the exact mechanisms of this signaling cascade has become an important area in bone research. This review focuses on the genetics of LRP5 and summarizes the findings on monogenic bone conditions as well as the current knowledge of its involvement in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis.
    Endocrinology 06/2007; 148(6):2622-9. DOI:10.1210/en.2006-1352 · 4.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 gene (LRP5) was identified to be linked to the variation in BMD in high bone mass pedigrees. Subsequent population-based studies of the association between the LRP5 gene and BMD have yielded conflicting results. The present study was aimed at examining the association between LRP5 gene and BMD by using meta-analysis. Methods A systematic electronic search of literature was conducted to identify all published studies in English on the association between LRP5 gene and osteoporosis-related phenotypes, including bone mineral density and fracture. BMD data were summarized from individual studies by LRP5 genotype, and a synthesis of data was performed with random-effects meta-analyses. After excluding studies on animal and review papers, there were 19 studies for the synthesis. Among these studies, 10 studies used the rs3736228 (A1330V) polymorphism and reported BMD values. Results The 10 eligible studies comprised 16,705 individuals, with the majority being women (n = 8444), aged between 18 – 81 years. The overall distribution of genotype frequencies was: AA, 68%, AV and VV, 32%. However, the genotype frequency varied significantly within as well as between ethnic populations. On random-effects meta-analysis, lumbar spine BMD among individuals with the AA genotype was on average 0.018 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.012 to 0.023) g/cm<sup>2 </sup>higher than those with either AV or VV genotype. Similarly, femoral neck BMD among carriers of the AA genotype was 0.011 (95%CI: 0.004 to 0.017) g/cm<sup>2 </sup>higher than those without the genotype. While there was no significant heterogeneity in the association between the A1330V polymorphism and lumbar spine BMD (p = 0.55), the association was heterogeneous for femoral neck BMD (p = 0.05). The probability that the difference is greater than one standard deviation was 0.34 for femoral neck BMD and 0.54 for lumbar spine BMD. Conclusion These results suggest that there is a modest effect of the A1330V polymorphism on BMD in the general population, and that the modest association may limit its clinical use.
    BMC Medical Genetics 01/2008; · 2.45 Impact Factor