Heavy metals speciation in soakaways sediment and evaluation of metal retention properties of surrounding soil
ABSTRACT Heavy metals speciation analysis was carried out on sediment samples accumulated within soakaways in an old stormwater infiltration facility in Tokyo, Japan and on a soil core sample collected near the facility. Heavy metals content in soakaways sediments were much elevated compared to nearby surface soil with the content for Zn, Pb and Cd reaching about 5 to 10 times the content in surface soil. Speciation results revealed that significant amount of the accumulated heavy metals were present in potential mobile fractions, posing threat of release to underlying soil with changing environmental conditions. Detail analyses of soil characteristics indicated significant heterogeneity with depth, especially between the surface soil and underlying soil at site. Decrease in potential adsorption sites with depth was observed in case of underlying soil. Reduced adsorption capacity for heavy metals was evidenced for underlying soil when compared with surface soil. Furthermore, less capability of the soil organic matter to bind heavy metals was evidenced through speciation analyses, which raises concern over the long-term pollution retention potential of the underlying soil receiving infiltrated runoff.
SourceAvailable from: Rupak Aryal[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Road run-off water quality can be significantly impacted by many pollutants deposited on road surfaces through vehicular activities. Any control strategy for the improvement of water quality relating to organic and inorganic pollutants should be based on a detailed knowledge of pollutant built-up processes and the relationship of pollutants to one another. Total volatile suspended solids (VSS), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals were estimated in total suspended solids (TSS) collected in two catchments. This study found a good relationship between total VSS and TSS and between TSS and PAHs. This relationship information can be utilized for the development of effective Best Management Practices for TSS control. However, the relationship between TSS and heavy metals was identified as being strong in only some cases.Desalination and water treatment 01/2015; 54. DOI:10.1080/19443994.2014.955827 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Urban road dusts (URDs, n=10) were collected from arterial, residential, parking area in highway and highway roads in and around Tokyo, Japan, to characterize toxicity of size-fractions by the ostracod Heterocypris incongruens direct contact test. The URDs were collected with vacuum cleaner and highway sweeping vehicles, dried and size-fractionated before conducting toxicity test. The LC20 and LC50 of URDs varied (v/v) from 1.6 to 49%, and 3.8 to 67% respectively. Cluster analysis of URDs based on the concentration of heavy metal and PAHs standardized with the organic matter content was able to differentiate URDs into two groups, one group of higher toxicity and the other group of medium and lower toxicity. Mortality of ostracod decreased for some of the URDs when holding time of URD-water mixture was changed from 1h to 24h prior to the toxicity test. Fraction of fine particles was not always more toxic than the other fractions of coarse and medium particles. Site specific differences in toxicity of size-fractionated URDs indicated the complexity in defining URD toxicity as there could be co-existence of various non-targeted toxicants.Journal of hazardous materials 11/2013; 264C:53-64. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.10.058 · 4.33 Impact Factor
Environmental Chemistry 01/2012; 9(6):537. DOI:10.1071/EN12131 · 3.04 Impact Factor