Alterations in the expression of signal-transducing CD3 zeta chain in T cells from patients with chronic inflammatory/autoimmune diseases.
ABSTRACT The CD3 zeta chain, a component of the T cell receptor (TCR)/CD3 complex, is considered to be a limiting factor in the assembly and transport of the TCR/CD3 complex to the cell surface and is crucial to receptor signaling function. Recent studies have demonstrated altered expression and function of this signal transduction molecule in T and natural killer cells in patients with chronic inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. In this review, current knowledge concerning the expression of CD3 zeta chain as well as the mechanisms responsible for abnormal expression of this molecule in systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome are summarized.
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ABSTRACT: Antigen receptor signaling in lymphocytes has been clearly implicated in the pathogenesis of the rheumatic diseases. Here, we review evidence from mouse models in which B-cell and T-cell signaling machinery is perturbed as well as data from functional studies of primary human lymphocytes and recent advances in human genetics. B-cell receptor hyper-responsiveness is identified as a nearly universal characteristic of systemic lupus erythematosus in mice and humans. Impaired and enhanced T-cell receptor signaling are both associated with distinct inflammatory diseases in mice. Mechanisms by which these pathways contribute to disease in mouse models and patients are under active investigation.Arthritis research & therapy 02/2009; 11(1):202. · 4.27 Impact Factor
Article: Low levels of NF-κB/p65 mark anergic CD4+ T cells and correlate with disease severity in sarcoidosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: T lymphocytes from patients with sarcoidosis respond weakly when stimulated with mitogen or antigen. However, the mechanisms responsible for this anergy are not fully understood. Here, we investigated the protein levels of nuclear transcription factor NF-κB (p50, p65, and p105), IκBα (inhibitor of NF-κB), T-cell receptor (TCR) CD3ζ-chain, tyrosine kinase p56(LCK), and nuclear factor of activated T cells c2 (NF-ATc2) in peripheral blood CD4(+) T cells from patients with sarcoidosis. Baseline expression of p65 in these lymphocytes was reduced in 50% of patients. The reduced levels of p65 in sarcoid CD4(+) T cells concurred with decreased levels of p50, p105, CD3ζ, p56(LCK), IκBα, and NF-ATc2. Polyclonal stimulation of NF-κB-deficient sarcoid T cells resulted in reduced expression of CD69 and CD154, decreased proliferation, and cytokine (i.e., interleukin 2 [IL-2] and gamma interferon [IFN-γ]) production. The clinical significance of these findings is suggested by the association between low p65 levels and the development of more severe and active sarcoidosis. Although correlative, our results support a model in which multiple intrinsic signaling defects contribute to peripheral T-cell anergy and the persistence of chronic inflammation in sarcoidosis.Clinical and vaccine immunology: CVI 02/2011; 18(2):223-34. · 2.37 Impact Factor
Article: Altered expression of the TCR signaling related genes CD3 and FcεRIγ in patients with aplastic anemia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Aplastic anemia (AA) is characterized by pancytopenia and bone marrow hypoplasia, which results from immune-mediated hematopoiesis suppression. Understanding the pathophysiology of the immune system, particularly T cells immunity, has led to improved AA treatment over the past decades. However, primary and secondary failure after immunosuppressive therapy is frequent. Thus, knowledge of the immune mechanisms leading to AA is crucial to fundamentally understand the disease. To elucidate the T cell receptor (TCR) signal transduction features in AA, the expression levels of CD3γ, δ, ε and ζ chain and FcεRIγ genes, which are involved in TCR signal transduction, and the negative correlation of the expression levels between the CD3ζ and FcεRIγ genes in T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were analyzed. Real-time RT-PCR using the SYBR Green method was used to detect the expression level of these genes in PBMCs from 18 patients with AA and 14 healthy individuals. The β2microglobulin gene (β2M) was used as an endogenous reference. The expression levels of the CD3γ, CD3δ, CD3ε and CD3ζ genes in patients with AA were significantly increased compared to a healthy control group, whereas the FcεRIγ gene expression level was significantly decreased in patients with AA in comparison with the healthy control group. Moreover, the negative correlation of the expression levels between the CD3ζ and FcεRIγ genes was lost. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the CD3γ, CD3δ, CD3ε, CD3ζ and FcεRIγ gene expression in patients with AA. The abnormally expressed TCR signaling related genes may relate to T cells dysfunction in AA.Journal of Hematology & Oncology 03/2012; 5:6. · 3.99 Impact Factor