Exhaled pH, exhaled nitric oxide, and induced sputum cellularity in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Institute of Respiratory Disease, Department of Medical and Occupational Sciences, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy.
Translational Research (Impact Factor: 4.04). 02/2008; 151(1):45-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.trsl.2007.09.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Airway inflammation plays an important role in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome as well as in obesity. Increasingly, researchers are studying airway inflammation noninvasively and are studying the new markers of airways inflammation. The aim of this study was to measure pH in the exhaled breath condensate (EBC), the exhaled nitric oxide (NO), and the inflammatory cell profile in the induced sputum of obese patients with and without obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The pH in EBC, the exhaled NO, and the induced sputum cells were measured in 30 obese patients with OSAS (OOs), in 20 obese patients without OSAS (ONOs), and in 10 healthy patients (HPs). Levels of pH in EBC were lower in OOs and in ONOs than in HPs. Furthermore, the concentrations of exhaled NO and the percentages of neutrophils in the induced sputum were greater in OOs and in ONOs than in HPs. No significant differences were found between OO and ONO for other measurements of airway inflammation. This study shows the presence of airway's inflammation in obese patients with and without OSAS and indicates that the "exhaled acidopnea" as well as exhaled NO and sputum neutrophils are good tools to measure airway inflammation in these subjects.

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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is associated with low-grade systemic inflammation. The "inflammome" is a network layout of the inflammatory pattern. The systemic inflammome of obesity has not been described as yet. We hypothesized that it can be significantly worsened by smoking and other comorbidities frequently associated with obesity, and ameliorated by bariatric surgery (BS). Besides, whether or not these changes are mirrored in the lungs is unknown, but obesity is often associated with pulmonary inflammation and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107859. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107859 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess distal/alveolar inflammation in patients with suggestive symptoms of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) using exhaled nitric oxide (NO) measured by two-compartment model (2-CM) after correction for axial NO back-diffusion (trumpet model). Ninety five patients suspected for OSA prospectively underwent pulmonary function test, overnight polysomnography (PSG), and exhaled NO measurement. Patients with apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) <5/hour were included in non-OSA group. Exhaled NO was repeatedly measured after PSG in 21 OSA patients and 8 non-OSA subjects. Alveolar NO concentration (CANO) was significantly higher in OSA patients (n=71; 4.07±1.7ppb) as compared with non-OSA subjects (n=24; 2.24±1.06ppb; p<0.0001) whilst maximal bronchial NO flux (J'awNO) and fractional exhaled NO (FENO) did not differ between the two groups. CANO was strongly associated to AHI (r=0.701; p<0.0001) and to recording time with SaO2<90% (ST-90%; r=0.659; p<0.0001) in OSA patients but not in non-OSA persons. The area under ROC curve for screening patients with OSA and significant nocturnal oxygen desaturation (ST-90%>1%) was 0.865±0.036 (95% IC, 0.793-0.937; p<0.0001). CANO at 4.5 ppb could detect these patients with specificity of 94% and sensitivity of 46%. Increase of CANO measured after PSG was significantly related to oxygen desaturation index (ST-90%) in OSA patients. Increased alveolar NO concentration was related to the severity of nocturnal oxygen desaturation in patients with OSA, linking the distal airway inflammation to intermittent hypoxia. (250 words). Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is associated with airway inflammation. Measurement of exhaled nitric oxide is a non-invasive method for evaluation of airway diseases. It seems that obesity is an exacerbating factor for airway inflammation. We aimed to evaluate the changes of exhaled nitric oxide after sleep in patients suffering from OSA regarding BMI. Method: In 54 patients referred for polysomnography, exhaled nitric oxide measurements were performed before and after sleep. Subjects were divided into three categories: normal, obese with sleep apnea and non-obese, based on polysomnographic recordings and BMI. Results: 47 subjects had abnormal apnea/hypopnea index (AHI mean = 39.7) and 7 were normal regarding AHI (AHI mean = 3.0). BMI was significantly correlated to AHI, number of desaturations and hypoxia. Among those with apnea, 31 subjects were obese and 16 were non-obese. Exhaled nitric oxide levels in normal and OSA subjects showed no significant change, but a significant increase was found in obese patients with apnea (14.7 pre-sleep mean, 20.0 post-sleep mean). Conclusions: Obesity is an effective factor in the inflammation of airways in patients with obstructive apnea.
    Respiratory Medicine 06/2014; 108(8). DOI:10.1016/j.rmed.2014.05.010 · 2.92 Impact Factor


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Oct 16, 2014