Pot1 and cell cycle progression cooperate in telomere length regulation

Department of Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, PO Box 0524, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0524, USA.
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 11.63). 02/2008; 15(1):79-84. DOI: 10.1038/nsmb1331
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Removal of the vertebrate telomere protein Pot1 results in a DNA damage response and cell cycle arrest. Here we show that loss of chicken Pot1 causes Chk1 activation, and inhibition of Chk1 signaling prevents the cell cycle arrest. However, arrest still occurs after disruption of ATM, which encodes another DNA damage response protein. These results indicate that Pot1 is required to prevent a telomere checkpoint mediated by another such protein, ATR, that is most likely triggered by the G-overhang. We also show that removal of Pot1 causes exceptionally rapid telomere growth upon arrest in late S/G2 of the cell cycle. However, release of the arrest slows both telomere growth and G-overhang elongation. Thus, Pot1 seems to regulate telomere length and G-overhang processing both through direct interaction with the telomere and by preventing a late S/G2 delay in the cell cycle. Our results reveal that cell cycle progression is an important component of telomere length regulation.

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    ABSTRACT: Telomere holds special mechanism for solving end repair problems and maintaining genomic stability. Protection of telomeres 1 (POT1) which belongs to shelterin family is identified as a key protein that recruits telomerase by interacting with telomere repeat binding factors (TRB1-3). Since, deciphering the mechanism through which POT assembles telomerase is of great interest, computational approaches have been undertaken to understand the mechanism in a well- developed model system - Arabidopsis thaliana. As a first step, an untraditional approach was mediated to locate the active site residues on modeled AtPOT1b protein by interaction studies using molecular docking. To keep in trend with the recent developments, peptide construction and validation was promoted as the next step via molecular dynamics simulation studies. Finally, the validated peptides based on propensity score was evaluated for its efficacy as a potent inhibitor for POT and TRB1-3 interactions. The best peptide, namely, (1-2-d) out of 30 designed peptides, was proved to be vital inhibitor by weakening the interacting complexes.
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