[Transmission disequilibrium test for nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate and segment homeobox gene-1 gene].
ABSTRACT To investigate the relationship between muscle segment homeobox gene-1 (MSX1) and the genetic susceptibility of nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate (NSCLP) in Hunan Hans.
One microsatellite DNA marker CA repeat in MSX1 intron region was used as genetic marker. The genotypes of 387 members in 129 NSCLP nuclear family trios were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Then transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and Logistic regression analysis were used to conduct association analysis.
TDT analysis confirmed that CA4 allele in CL/P and CPO groups preferentially transmitted to the affected offspring (P = 0.018, P = 0.041). Logistic regression analysis indicated that the recessive model of inheritance was supported, and CA4 itself or CA4 acting as a marker for a disease allele or haplotype was inherited in a recessive fashion (P = 0.009).
MSX1 gene is associated with NSCLP, and MSX1 gene may be directly involved either in the etiology of NSCLP or in linkage disequilibrium with disease-predisposing sites.