Genomic gains of COL1A1-PDFGB occur in the histologic evolution of giant cell fibroblastoma into dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
ABSTRACT Giant cell fibroblastoma (GCF) is a subcutaneous mesenchymal neoplasm characterized by the chromosomal t(17;22), which results in the formation of the fusion gene COL1A1-PDGFB. This same fusion gene is also seen in the supernumerary ring chromosome of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP). Several studies have addressed the molecular genetics of DFSP but molecular cytogenetic characterization of individual areas and cell components in pure GCF and GCF/DFSP hybrids have not been performed. Herein, we studied the frequency and genomic copy number of COL1A1-PDGFB in pure GCF and GCF/DFSP hybrids, and identified the molecular cytogenetic signatures in individual cells in each component. Four pure GCF and nine GCF/DFSP hybrids were studied. All tumors exhibited classical histological features and CD34 expression. COL1A1 and PDGFB rearrangements were evaluated by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using probes for COL1A1 and PDGFB on paraffin-embedded thin tissue sections. All GCF and GCF/DFSP hybrids showed unbalanced rearrangements of COL1A1-PDGFB at the molecular cytogenetic level. Genomic gains of COL1A1-PDGFB were found predominantly in the DFSP component of GCF/DFSP hybrids but in none of the pure GCF, suggesting that these gains are associated with the histologic evolution of GCF into DFSP. The molecular cytogenetic abnormalities were found not only in the spindle/stellated cells but also in individual nuclei of the multinucleated giant cells, suggesting that these cells may result from the fusion of individual neoplastic cells.
- Piel 01/2012; DOI:10.1016/j.piel.2011.06.002
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ABSTRACT: Approximately one third of soft tissue tumors are characterized by chromosomal aberrations, in particular, translocations and amplifications, which appear to be highly specific. The identification of fusion transcripts not only supports the diagnosis, but provides the basis for the development of novel therapeutic strategies aimed at blocking the aberrant activity of chimeric proteins. Molecular biology, and in particular, cytogenetic and qualitative and quantitative polymerase chain reaction technologies, allow with high efficiency and specificity, the determination of specific fusion transcripts resulting from chromosomal translocations, as well as the analysis of gene amplifications. In this review, various molecular techniques that allow the identification of translocations and consequent fusion transcripts generated are discussed in the broad spectrum of soft tissue tumors.International Journal of Molecular Medicine 04/2014; 33(6). DOI:10.3892/ijmm.2014.1726 · 1.88 Impact FactorThis article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched formatRG Format enables you to read in context with side-by-side figures, citations, and feedback from experts in your field.
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ABSTRACT: A company is more likely to enjoy excellent organizational performance if its employees understand the importance of strategic management and are actively engaged in helping the company pursue its strategies. Many employees view strategy as disconnected from their jobs, however, and getting them to embrace strategy can be challenging. Using a series of vivid examples, we describe how motion pictures can bring strategic management concepts to life for employees. By making strategic management concepts more relevant and less abstract, movies can lead employees to enjoy thinking about and discussing strategy.Business Horizons 01/2012; 55(1). DOI:10.1016/j.bushor.2011.08.004 · 1.42 Impact Factor