Genomic gains ofCOL1A1-PDFGB occur in the histologic evolution of giant cell fibroblastoma into dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans

CIPAX, Medicina Diagnostica, Sao Jose dos Campos SP, Brazil.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer (Impact Factor: 3.84). 03/2008; 47(3):260-5. DOI: 10.1002/gcc.20530
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Giant cell fibroblastoma (GCF) is a subcutaneous mesenchymal neoplasm characterized by the chromosomal t(17;22), which results in the formation of the fusion gene COL1A1-PDGFB. This same fusion gene is also seen in the supernumerary ring chromosome of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP). Several studies have addressed the molecular genetics of DFSP but molecular cytogenetic characterization of individual areas and cell components in pure GCF and GCF/DFSP hybrids have not been performed. Herein, we studied the frequency and genomic copy number of COL1A1-PDGFB in pure GCF and GCF/DFSP hybrids, and identified the molecular cytogenetic signatures in individual cells in each component. Four pure GCF and nine GCF/DFSP hybrids were studied. All tumors exhibited classical histological features and CD34 expression. COL1A1 and PDGFB rearrangements were evaluated by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using probes for COL1A1 and PDGFB on paraffin-embedded thin tissue sections. All GCF and GCF/DFSP hybrids showed unbalanced rearrangements of COL1A1-PDGFB at the molecular cytogenetic level. Genomic gains of COL1A1-PDGFB were found predominantly in the DFSP component of GCF/DFSP hybrids but in none of the pure GCF, suggesting that these gains are associated with the histologic evolution of GCF into DFSP. The molecular cytogenetic abnormalities were found not only in the spindle/stellated cells but also in individual nuclei of the multinucleated giant cells, suggesting that these cells may result from the fusion of individual neoplastic cells.

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    ABSTRACT: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is characterized by the presence of the t(17;22)(q22;q13) that leads to the fusion of the COL1A1 and PDGFB genes. This translocation can be detected by multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques. We have evaluated the usefulness of a dual color dual fusion FISH probe strategy for COL1A1/PDGFB detection in a series of 103 archival DFSPs and compared the obtained results with RT-PCR analyses. FISH and RT-PCR were carried out on paraffin embedded tissue samples. Regarding the RT-PCR approach, all COL1A1 exons and exon 2 of PDGFB were evaluated. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were assessed considering the histological diagnosis as the gold standard. We also analyzed the relationship between the genetic findings and the clinicopathological variables of the tumors. The COL1A1/PDGFB translocation was detected in 93% of DFSP. Both techniques showed a similar specificity (100%), but FISH was more sensitive than RT-PCR (90% vs. 72%). Regarding, clinicopathological features, a higher percentage of positive cells detected by FISH was significantly associated with the fibrosarcomatous DFSP variant (P < 0.001). Interestingly, all CD34 negative DFSP (n = 5) were positive for COL1A1/PDGFB translocation by both techniques. In conclusion, the majority of DFSP harbor the COL1A1/PDGFB translocation and FISH technique should be recommended as a routine diagnostic tool, especially in cases showing unusual histopathological subtypes and/or immunohistochemical features.
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