Article

Music and the heart. Interview by Emma Baines.

Circulation (Impact Factor: 14.95). 01/2008; 116(24):f139-40. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.187676
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: To test whether rhythmic formulas such as the rosary and yoga mantras can synchronise and reinforce inherent cardiovascular rhythms and modify baroreflex sensitivity. Comparison of effects of recitation of the Ave Maria (in Latin) or of a mantra, during spontaneous and metronome controlled breathing, on breathing rate and on spontaneous oscillations in RR interval, and on blood pressure and cerebral circulation. Florence and Pavia, Italy. 23 healthy adults. Breathing rate, regularity of breathing, baroreflex sensitivity, frequency of cardiovascular oscillations. Both prayer and mantra caused striking, powerful, and synchronous increases in existing cardiovascular rhythms when recited six times a minute. Baroreflex sensitivity also increased significantly, from 9.5 (SD 4.6) to 11.5 (4.9) ms/mm Hg, P<0.05. Rhythm formulas that involve breathing at six breaths per minute induce favourable psychological and possibly physiological effects.
    BMJ Clinical Research 323(7327):1446-9. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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