Complete nucleotide sequence of a new strain of Tobacco necrosis virus A infecting soybean in China and infectivity of its full-length cDNA clone.
ABSTRACT The complete nucleotide sequence of a virus isolated from soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) in China, previously identified as a new strain of Tobacco necrosis virus A (TNV-A) based on its biological, serological properties, and coat protein (CP) sequence and named as TNV-A C, was determined and compared with that of TNV-A and other closely related Necroviruses and Carmoviruses. The viral RNA genome consists of 3,682 nucleotides and contains five open reading frames (ORFs). TNV-A C showed 86.4% overall nucleotide sequence identity to TNV-A. The CP and putative RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) showed 88.8 and 95.9% amino acid identity, respectively, to that of TNV-A. The greatest difference between TNV-A C and TNV-A was in the 3' terminal region: the p7K ORF region present in TNV-A was absent in TNV-A C. Phylogenetic analysis of RdRp, CP, and small ORF regions of Necroviruses confirmed TNV-A C as a new strain of TNV-A. A full-length cDNA clone of TNV-A C was constructed and used as template for run-off transcription based on the obtained sequence. The results indicate that the in vitro-synthesized viral RNA faithfully represented the biological activity of wild-type TNV-A C.
Article: Molecular biology of tombusviridae.Advances in Virus Research 02/1994; 44:381-428. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV) is a potyvirus with a worldwide distribution, but is mostly found in temperate and Mediterranean regions. The complete nucleotide (nt) sequence of a Pakistani isolate of WMV (WMV-Pk) was determined and compared with French isolate (WMV-Fr) and other closely related potyviruses. WMV-Pk showed overall identities of 94.4% (nt) and 96% (amino acid; aa) with the WMV-Fr. However, variability was observed in the 5' UTR and P1 region. Although sequence identities over most of the genome were well above 90% at both the nt and aa levels, reaching 99.6% (aa) in the CP and 100% (aa) in the 6K1 and 6K2, thereby suggesting that WMV-Pk and WMV-Fr are identical strains, but the sequence identities in the P1 region were only 80.6% (aa) and 82.8% (nt), while that in the 5' UTR was 82%. These differences may be due to different mutation phenomena of a common ancestor virus or mutations caused by different selection pressures in two different agro-ecological zones. The sequence of WMV-Pk is very close to that of Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) over most of the genome, except for the N-terminal region, which is subject to recombination between SMV and Peanut stripe virus (PSV)/Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV), as revealed by Simplot and phylogenetic analyses of N- and C-terminal P1, HC-Pro, and 5' UTR regions of the genome.Virus Genes 07/2006; 32(3):307-11. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Four consensus sequences are conserved with the same linear arrangement in RNA-dependent DNA polymerases encoded by retroid elements and in RNA-dependent RNA polymerases encoded by plus-, minus- and double-strand RNA viruses. One of these motifs corresponds to the YGDD span previously described by Kamer and Argos (1984). These consensus sequences altogether lead to 4 strictly and 18 conservatively maintained amino acids embedded in a large domain of 120 to 210 amino acids. As judged from secondary structure predictions, each of the 4 motifs, which may cooperate to form a well-ordered domain, places one invariant amino acid in or proximal to turn structures that may be crucial for their correct positioning in a catalytic process. We suggest that this domain may constitute a prerequisite 'polymerase module' implicated in template seating and polymerase activity. At the evolutionary level, the sequence similarities, gap distribution and distances between each motif strongly suggest that the ancestral polymerase module was encoded by an individual genetic element which was most closely related to the plus-strand RNA viruses and the non-viral retroposons. This polymerase module gene may have subsequently propagated in the viral kingdom by distinct gene set recombination events leading to the wide viral variety observed today.The EMBO Journal 01/1990; 8(12):3867-74. · 9.82 Impact Factor