Article

Anti-proliferative and anti-remodelling effect of beclomethasone dipropionate, formoterol and salbutamol alone or in combination in primary human bronchial fibroblasts.

Allergy and Respiratory Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
Allergy (Impact Factor: 6). 05/2008; 63(4):432-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01582.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Bronchial asthma is characterized by lower airway inflammation and remodelling. Anti-inflammatory treatment with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) provides the mainstay of asthma therapy together with bronchodilation induced by short- and long-acting inhaled beta(2)-agonists. Lower airway fibroblasts may play a critical role in airway inflammation and remodelling, suggesting that they might represent an important target for the major anti-asthmatic drugs. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP), salbutamol and formoterol either alone or in combination on in vitro cultures of human bronchial fibroblasts.
Fibroblasts were cultured in the presence of pro-inflammatory and proliferative stimuli, BDP, salbutamol and formoterol. The effects of drugs on cell proliferation were ascertained by (3)H-thymidine incorporation. CD90 and CD44 expression were detected by flow cytometry and fibronectin secretion using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique.
This study showed that BDP alone has significant anti-proliferative effects on lung fibroblasts treated with basic fibroblast growth factor and the combination of BDP with formoterol or salbutamol strengthen these effects. Short-acting beta(2)-agonist (SABA) or long-acting beta(2)-agonist (LABA) by themselves did not show any significant effect on the different cultures. CD44 and CD90 expression and fibronectin production were modulated by pro-inflammatory and proliferative stimuli; the addition of the drugs brought them back near to the basal level.
From this in vitro study, we can conclude that BDP, when combined with salbutamol or formoterol, exhibits enhanced anti-remodelling activity in bronchial fibroblasts, providing new insights on the additive effects of ICS and SABAs and LABAs for asthma therapy.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Anna Maria Riccio, Sep 29, 2014
1 Follower
 · 
103 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background. Persistent asthma is characterized by airway remodeling. Whereas we have previously shown that neither β2-agonists nor corticosteroids inhibit extracellular matrix (ECM) protein release from airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells, the effect of their combination is unknown and this forms the rationale for the present study. Methods. ASM cells from people with and without asthma were stimulated with TGFβ1 (1 ng/ml) with or without budesonide (10−8 M) and formoterol (10−10 and 10−8 M), and fibronectin expression and IL-6 release were measured by ELISA. Bronchial rings from nonasthmatic individuals were incubated with TGFβ1 (1 ng/ml) with or without the drugs, and fibronectin expression was measured using immunohistochemistry. Results. Budesonide stimulated fibronectin deposition, in the presence or absence of TGFβ1, and this was partially reversed by formoterol (10−8 M) in both asthmatic and nonasthmatic cells. Budesonide and formoterol in combination failed to inhibit TGFβ-induced fibronectin in either cell type. A similar pattern of expression of fibronectin was seen in bronchial rings. TGFβ1-induced IL-6 release was inhibited by the combination of drugs. Conclusion. Current combination asthma therapies are unable to prevent or reverse remodeling events regulated by ASM cells.
    Journal of Allergy 02/2012; 2012:403059. DOI:10.1155/2012/403059
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Airway remodelling refers to the structural changes that occur in both large and small airways relevant to miscellaneous diseases including asthma. In asthma, airway structural changes include subepithelial fibrosis, increased smooth muscle mass, gland enlargement, neovascularization and epithelial alterations. Although controversial, airway remodelling is commonly attributed to an underlying chronic inflammatory process. These remodelling changes contribute to thickening of airway walls and, consequently, lead to airway narrowing, bronchial hyper-responsiveness, airway edema and mucous hypersecretion. Airway remodelling is associated with poor clinical outcomes among asthmatic patients. Early diagnosis and prevention of airway remodelling has the potential to decrease disease severity, improve control and prevent disease expression. The relationship between structural changes and clinical and functional abnormalities clearly deserves further investigation. The present review briefly describes the characteristic features of airway remodelling observed in asthma, its clinical consequences and relevance for physicians, and its modulation by therapeutic approaches used in the treatment of asthmatic patients.
    Canadian respiratory journal: journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society 01/2010; 17(4):e85-93. · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The radioligand binding properties of [3H]prazosin and [3H]tamsulosin at alpha1-adrenoceptors of several rat tissues, human prostate and cloned rat and human alpha1-adrenoceptor subtypes were compared in Tris/EDTA buffer unless otherwise indicated. The affinity of [3H]tamsulosin at tissue and cloned alpha1A- and alpha1B-adrenoceptors was somewhat greater and smaller, respectively, than that of [3H]prazosin. In most rat tissues and at cloned rat alpha1A- and alpha1B-adrenoceptors, [3H]tamsulosin had a smaller Bmax than [3H]prazosin. Studies with rat liver showed that this was due to considerably poorer labeling of agonist low affinity sites, while both radioligands detected similar numbers of agonist high affinity sites. Statistically significant differences in the number of binding sites for both ligands were not detected in HEPES or glycylglycine buffer, as the detectable receptor number for [3H]prazosin and [3H]tamsulosin tended to be smaller and greater, respectively, in these than in Tris/EDTA buffer. Among human alpha1-adrenoceptor subtypes [3H]tamsulosin labeled fewer sites than [3H]prazosin for alpha1B- but more sites for alpha1A- and alpha1D-adrenoceptors. We conclude that [3H]prazosin and [3H]tamsulosin do not detect the same number of alpha1-adrenoceptors under a variety of conditions. This should be taken into account in the interpretation of data obtained with either radioligand.
    European Journal of Pharmacology 01/1998; 342(1):85-92. DOI:10.1016/S0014-2999(97)01419-2 · 2.68 Impact Factor