Immediately loaded titanium implant with a tissue-stabilizing/maintaining design ('beyond platform switch') retrieved from man after 4 weeks: a histological and histomorphometrical evaluation. A case report.
ABSTRACT After implant insertion and loading, crestal bone usually undergoes remodeling and resorption. If the horizontal relationship between the outer edge of the implant and a smaller-diameter component ('platform switching') is altered, there seems to be reduced crestal bone loss. Immediate loading allows immediate restoration of esthetics and function, reduces morbidity, and facilitates functional rehabilitation.
Three Morse cone connection implants were inserted in the right posterior mandible in a 29-year-old partially edentulous patient. The platform of the implant was inserted 2 mm below the level of the alveolar crest. After a 1-month loading period, the most distal mandibular implant was retrieved with a trephine bur for psychological reasons.
At low-power magnification, it was possible to see that bone was present 2 mm above the level of the implant shoulder. No resorption of the coronal bone was present. No infrabony pockets were present. At the level of the shoulder of the implant, it was possible to observe the presence of dense connective tissue with only a few scattered inflammatory cells. Newly formed bone was found in direct contact with the implant surface. The bone-implant contact percentage was 65.3+/-4.8%.
Abutments smaller than the diameter of the implant body (platform switching) in combination with an absence of micromovement and microgap may protect the peri-implant soft and mineralized tissues, explaining the observed absence of bone resorption. Immediate loading did not interfere with bone formation and did not have adverse effects on osseointegration.
SourceAvailable from: Francesco Riccitiello[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The split crest technique is a reliable procedure used simultaneously in the implant positioning. In the literature some authors describe a secondary bone resorption as postoperative complication. The authors show how platform switching can be able to avoid secondary resorption as complication of split crest technique.01/2014; 2014:850470. DOI:10.1155/2014/850470
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this ongoing randomized study was to assess differences in bone level changes and success rates using implants supporting single crowns in the posterior mandible either with platform matched or platform switched abutments. Patients aged 18 and above, missing at least two teeth in the posterior mandible and with a natural tooth mesial to the most proximal implant site were enrolled. Randomization followed implant placement. Definitive restorations were placed after a minimum transgingival healing period of 8 weeks. Changes in crestal bone level from surgery and loading (baseline) to 12-month post-loading were radiographically measured. Implant survival and success were determined. Sixty-eight patients received 74 implants in the platform switching group and 72 in the other one. The difference of mean marginal bone level change from surgery to 12 months was significant between groups (p < 0.004). Radiographical mean bone gain or no bone loss from loading was noted for 67.1% of the platform switching and 49.2% of the platform matching implants. Implant success rates were 97.3% and 100%, respectively. Within the same implant system the platform switching concept showed a positive effect on marginal bone levels when compared with restorations with platform matching.Journal Of Clinical Periodontology 05/2014; 41(5):521-9. DOI:10.1111/jcpe.12244 · 3.61 Impact Factor