Subchronic oral toxicity studies of Se-methylselenocysteine, an organoselenium compound for breast cancer prevention

Life Sciences Group, IIT Research Institute, Chicago, IL 60616, USA.
Food and Chemical Toxicology (Impact Factor: 2.61). 03/2008; 46(3):1068-78. DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2007.11.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Se-methylselenocysteine (MSC) is an organoselenium compound being developed for breast cancer chemoprevention. To characterize MSC toxicity, CD rats received daily gavage doses of 0, 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mg/kg/day (0, 3, 6, or 12 mg/m(2)/day), and beagle dogs received daily gavage doses of 0, 0.15, 0.3, or 0.6 mg/kg/day (0, 3, 6, or 12 mg/m(2)/day) for 28 days. In rats, MSC induced dose-related hepatomegaly in both sexes; mild anemia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated liver enzymes were observed in high dose females only. Microscopic pathology included hepatocellular degeneration (high dose males, all doses in females); arrested spermatogenesis (high dose males); and atrophy of corpora lutea (middle and high dose females). In dogs, MSC induced mild anemia in middle and high dose males, and in high dose females. Toxicologically significant microscopic lesions in dogs were seen only in the liver (peliosis and vacuolar degeneration in high dose males, midzonal necrosis in males in all dose groups). Based on liver pathology seen in female rats in all dose groups, the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for MSC in rats is <0.5mg/kg/day. Based on alterations in hematology parameters and liver morphology in male dogs in all dose groups, the NOAEL for MSC in dogs is <0.15 mg/kg/day.

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