Article

Age differences in young children's responses to open-ended invitations in the course of forensic interviews.

Section on Social and Emotional Development, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (Impact Factor: 4.85). 11/2003; 71(5):926-34. DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.71.5.926
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To elucidate age differences in responses to free-recall prompts (i.e., invitations and cued invitations) and focused recognition prompts (i.e., option-posing and suggestive utterances), the authors examined 130 forensic interviews of 4- to 8-year-old alleged victims of sexual abuse. There were age differences in the total number of details elicited as well as in the number of details elicited using each of the different types of prompts, especially invitations. More details were elicited from older than from younger children in response to all types of prompts, but there were no age differences in the proportion of details (about 50%) elicited using invitations. Cued invitations elicited 18% of the total details, and the number of details elicited using cued invitations increased with age. Action-based cues consistently elicited more details than other types of cues.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
122 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One hundred four alleged sexual victims aged between 3 and 13 years described the modus operandi of their reported assailants. Younger children were more likely than older children to report repeated incidents of abuse by family members. Abuse tended to be more severe when there were multiple incidents. Older victims were more likely to report resisting the offenders' strategies, which involved either persuasion (i.e., offering rewards, verbally convincing or provoking the victim) or coercion (i.e., verbal or physical threats). Adult suspects were reportedly more likely than young suspects to use persuasion, but there were no age of suspect differences in the reported occurrence of coercion.
    05/2013; 3(2):133-149. DOI:10.1080/1936928X.2013.837420
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: What characterizes testimonies by children that proceed to prosecution as compared with those that do not? Data for 46 cases that included a child’s testimony were collected from the police force databases and transcriptions of children’s videotaped testimonies in Cyprus. Prosecution rates were highly correlated with the evidence provided but with no other factors investigated. Study outcomes suggest a link between evidence provided and prosecution rates raising puzzling indications that the decision regarding whether a case gets prosecuted or not relies heavily on the number of evidence gained and not on the quality of questions used during the criminal investigations.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Different types of social influence can affect eyewitness testimony. This study examined the effects of question format (free recall and prompts) and co-witness peer discussion on the confidence accuracy of memory reports of children aged 9-11 years. Pairs of children watched one of two perspectives of a film. Half of the pairs discussed the film; the rest discussed non-relevant topics. Children responding to prompts had a lower proportion of correct memory reports, were less confident, and showed poorer confidence accuracy compared with free recall. During free recall, the children showed near perfect confidence accuracy. No peer discussion effects were found; however, 33% of the children in the film discussion condition reported commission errors.
    Social Influence 05/2013; 9(3):189-205. DOI:10.1080/15534510.2013.804434 · 0.46 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
63 Downloads
Available from
Jun 1, 2014