Improvement in sexual functioning in patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome.
ABSTRACT Sexual functioning is one of the strongest predictors of poorer quality of life (QOL) in patients diagnosed with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS).
To examine the relationship between symptom reduction and sexual functioning in patients with IC/PBS.
Patients with IC/PBS were treated with 300 mg/day pentosan polysulfate sodium for 32 weeks.
Patients completed the O'Leary-Sant Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index, Short Form-12 QOL, and Medical Outcomes Study Sexual Functioning Scale at baseline, and at 8, 16, 24, and 32 weeks. Treatment responders were defined as those achieving a >/=30% reduction in symptom index from baseline.
A total of 128 patients were included in the analyses. At baseline, mean symptom index, QOL (physical and mental), and sexual functioning scores were 12.3, 41.7, 45.9, and 56.1, respectively. Patients showed statistically significant improvement in symptom and sexual functioning scores at weeks 8, 16, 24, and 32. At week 32, the mean change in symptom index score from baseline was -2.97 (standard deviation [SD] = 4.66, P < 0.0001), and the mean change in sexual functioning score from baseline was 8.9 (SD = 32.9, P = 0.0054). Reduction in symptom index score was moderately correlated with improvement in sexual functioning score at the end of study (r = -35, P = 0.0002). Positive correlation was observed at the end of the study between the mean change scores of sexual functioning score and physical and mental QOL components (r = 0.46, P < 0.0001 and r = 0.29, P = 0.0023, respectively). Patients achieving a >/=30% reduction in symptom index (responder, N = 47; 44%) had an adjusted mean change in sexual functioning score of 19.8 (standard error [SE] = 4.69), while nonresponders (N = 59, 56%) had an adjusted mean change -0.49 (SE = 4.17) (between groups, P = 0.0020).
Sexual dysfunction is moderate to severe in patients with IC/PBS and impacts significantly on QOL. Reduction in symptoms was associated with improvement in the patient-reported outcomes of sexual function.
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ABSTRACT: Interstitial cystitis significantly negatively impacts quality of life. The demographic and clinical factors associated with decreased quality of life in these patients have not been well studied. Women with moderate/severe interstitial cystitis enrolled in a clinical trial of intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin were studied. Demographic data and responses to questionnaires were evaluated at baseline, including the O'Leary-Sant Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index and Problem Index, University of Wisconsin Interstitial Cystitis Inventory, Medical Outcomes Study sexual functioning scale, and the physical composite and mental composite scales of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Health Status Survey. Three composite indexes were constructed (from the O'Leary-Sant Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index, O'Leary-Sant Interstitial Cystitis Problem Index, pain/urgency Likert scales and 24-hour voiding diary) to document the severity, frequency and bother of pain, urinary urgency and frequency (frequency composite index). Linear and multivariate regression models were used to examine predictors of the physical composite and mental composite scales of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Health Status Survey. Medical Outcomes Study sexual functioning scale data were available for 163 of the 217 women in the trial. Physical composite scale (median 36) and mental composite scale (median 42) were lower than the standard population value of 50. Multivariate models showed that employment, pain composite index and Medical Outcomes Study sexual functioning scale (all p<0.001) predicted physical composite scale, while only Medical Outcomes Study sexual functioning scale (p<0.001) remained a strong predictor of mental composite scale. Sexual functioning, employment and pain issues predict mental and physical quality of life. In particular, this study identifies sexual functioning as a primary predictor of mental quality of life in women with long-standing interstitial cystitis. It is suggested that sexual functioning may be a salient therapeutic target in the multifaceted treatment of patients with interstitial cystitis.The Journal of Urology 05/2007; 177(5):1832-6. · 3.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To develop a brief, reliable, self-administered measure of erectile function that is cross-culturally valid and psychometrically sound, with the sensitivity and specificity for detecting treatment-related changes in patients with erectile dysfunction. Relevant domains of sexual function across various cultures were identified via a literature search of existing questionnaires and interviews of male patients with erectile dysfunction and of their partners. An initial questionnaire was administered to patients with erectile dysfunction, with results reviewed by an international panel of experts. Following linguistic validation in 10 languages, the final 15-item questionnaire, the international index of Erectile Function (IIEF), was examined for sensitivity, specificity, reliability (internal consistency and test-retest repeatability), and construct (concurrent, convergent, and discriminant) validity. A principal components analysis identified five factors (that is, erectile function, orgasmic function, sexual desire, intercourse satisfaction, and overall satisfaction) with eigenvalues greater than 1.0. A high degree of internal consistency was observed for each of the five domains and for the total scale (Cronbach's alpha values of 0.73 and higher and 0.91 and higher, respectively) in the populations studied. Test-retest repeatability correlation coefficients for the five domain scores were highly significant. The IIEF demonstrated adequate construct validity, and all five domains showed a high degree of sensitivity and specificity to the effects of treatment. Significant (P values = 0.0001) changes between baseline and post-treatment scores were observed across all five domains in the treatment responder cohort, but not in the treatment nonresponder cohort. The IIEF addresses the relevant domains of male sexual function (that is, erectile function, orgasmic function, sexual desire, intercourse satisfaction, and overall satisfaction), is psychometrically sound, and has been linguistically validated in 10 languages. This questionnaire is readily self-administered in research or clinical settings. The IIEF demonstrates the sensitivity and specificity for detecting treatment-related changes in patients with erectile dysfunction.Urology 07/1997; 49(6):822-30. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The O'Leary-Sant Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index (ICSI) has been proposed as a treatment outcome measure in interstitial cystitis (IC). The psychometric properties of the ICSI were assessed for reliability and validity in a randomized, double-blind clinical study of 300, 600, and 900 mg daily dose of pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS) in patients with IC. The ICSI contains 4 items that measure urgency and frequency of urination, nighttime urination, and pain or burning. The ICSI index score is the sum of the item scores (range: 0-20). ICSI scores were obtained at baseline, 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, and 32 weeks of treatment. Patients' overall ratings of improvement of symptoms (PORIS) scores evaluating improvements in pain, urgency, and overall IC symptoms were also collected except at baseline. A total of 376 patients were included in the analysis. Psychometric properties evaluated included variability (range), test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]), internal consistency (the Cronbach alpha), construct validity (convergent, discriminant), responsiveness, and clinically meaningful change. The ICSI items and index score had good variability and test-retest reliability. The ICSI demonstrated internal consistency reliability and was responsive to change. Participants indicating a 75% improvement in PORIS had a 48% mean reduction in the ICSI score, while participants reporting 100% improvement in PORIS had a 77% mean reduction in the ICSI score. The ICSI is a valid, reliable, and responsive measure of change in IC symptoms. This outcome measure should be utilized in future treatment outcomes studies in IC.Urology 07/2001; 57(6 Suppl 1):62-6. · 2.42 Impact Factor