Assessing relationship quality in mandated community treatment: Blending care with control

Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-7083, USA.
Psychological Assessment (Impact Factor: 2.99). 01/2008; 19(4):397-410. DOI: 10.1037/1040-3590.19.4.397
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Traditional measures of the therapeutic alliance do not capture the dual roles inherent in relationships with involuntary clients. Providers not only care for, but also have control over, involuntary clients. In 2 studies of probationers mandated to psychiatric treatment (n=90; n=322), the authors developed and validated the revised Dual-Role Relationships Inventory (DRI-R). The authors found that (a) relationship quality in mandated treatment involves caring and fairness, trust, and an authoritative (not authoritarian) style, (b) the DRI-R assesses these domains of relationship quality, is internally consistent, and relates in a theoretically coherent pattern with ratings of within-session behavior and with measures of the therapeutic alliance, relationship satisfaction, symptoms, and treatment motivation, and (c) the quality of dual-role relationships predicts future compliance with the rules, as assessed by probation violations and revocation. The DRI-R covaries with multiple domains more strongly than a leading measure of the therapeutic alliance, suggesting that it better captures the nature and effect of relationship quality in mandated treatment.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article considers the continued relevance of law enforcement and social worker roles to probation officer practice, a central motif in community corrections scholarship. It also considers how these traditional functions are integrated into community-oriented supervision practices, increasingly emphasized in policy circles. Using Latent Class Analysis of data from a national community corrections survey, a four-class typology of probation officers was developed, based on their supervision practices. While classes vary according to the intensity of supervision, particularly in the engagement of third parties (family, community, and the police), there are no classes that correspond either to law enforcers or to social workers. Rather, officer classes are all “synthetic”—combining law enforcement and social work functions together in the same strategy. The analysis identifies a number of predictors of membership in more intensive supervision classes. These relate to ideological orientations, caseload characteristics, officer demographics, and agency progressiveness.
    Justice Quarterly 12/2013; 32(2):1-23. DOI:10.1080/07418825.2013.770546 · 1.63 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Case management is commonly regarded as the foundation of effective service provision across a wide range of human service settings. This article considers the case management that is offered to clients of community corrections, identifying the distinctive features of case management in this particular setting, and reviewing the empirical evidence relating to the effectiveness of different approaches. It is concluded that models of correctional case management that are clearly informed by the principles of risk, need, and responsivity, and which encourage case managers to form strong and meaningful relationships with their clients, are likely to be the most effective.
    Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 10/2012; 51(7):484-495. DOI:10.1080/10509674.2012.706245
  • Source
    British Journal of Social Work 03/2015; DOI:10.1093/bjsw/bcv015 · 1.19 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 19, 2014