Youth and adolescent physical activity lapsers - Examining self-efficacy as a mediator of the relationship between family social influence and physical activity
ABSTRACT The present study examined whether self-efficacy mediates the relationship between family social influence and physical activity among youth who have experienced a recent lapse in their physical activity participation. Using a prospective, longitudinal design, participants completed measures of social influence, self-regulatory efficacy and physical activity. Only those participants whose physical activity declined were retained for further analysis. Self-regulatory efficacy partially mediated the relationship between family social influence and physical activity, with self-efficacy mediating 36 percent of the total effect. The results provide support for self-regulatory efficacy as a mediator and provide preliminary insight into the potential mechanisms for preventing lapses in activity from developing into prolonged periods of inactivity within this population.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the role of parents and peer support in secondary school students' physical activity participation. An eight item Social Support Scale (SSS) was used to investigate parents and peer support in physical activity participation. A total of 251 (120 males and 131 females) students attending three public secondary schools in the Hlanganani rural area, Limpopo Province of South Africa, volunteered to participate in the study. The mean age of the participants was 18.50±2.374 years. Exploratory factor analysis was used to assess social support for physical activity participation. Results indicated that students receive more peer support than parental support. In terms of gender, females received more parental support than males. Physical activity participation is more likely to increase when students receive support from their parents and friends. Therefore, apart from parents and peers, other stakeholders such as school teachers, sport coaches and community members should also join forces to support, motivate and encourage students to participate in physical activity and school sports. How to cite this article: Kubayi, N.A. & Surujlal, J. (2014). Social support for physical activity participation among secondary school students in Hlanganani rural area of
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to assess changes in adolescent girls' health-enhancing cognitions and behaviors targeted by the Go Girls! group-based mentorship lifestyle program. Three hundred and ten adolescent girls (nested within 40 Go Girls! groups) completed questionnaires that assessed cognitions (attitudes, self-regulatory efficacy, and intentions) and behaviors (physical activity and dietary) at four time points (two pre-program, one at the end of the program, and one at 7-week follow-up). Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine changes in the outcome variables among Go Girls! participants (M age = 11.68 years, SD = 0.80). No significant changes occurred in the outcome variables during the baseline comparison period (Time 1-2). When compared to the average of the baseline assessments, 7 weeks after completing the program, girls reported significant improvements in physical activity (M Baseline PAtotal = 3.82, SD = 3.49; M T4 PAtotal = 4.38, SD = 3.75) and healthy eating (M Baseline = 10.71, SD = 1.13; M T4 = 11.35, SD = 1.05) behavior and related cognitions (d values ≥0.65). Findings provide preliminary support for programs that foster belongingness and target health behaviors through mentorship models.03/2015; 5(1):77-86. DOI:10.1007/s13142-014-0285-9
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ABSTRACT: This study explored parents' intention to use social control following a hypothetical lapse in their child's activity. Also examined was the role of parent and child activity as predictors of parental social control use. Parents (N = 140) were presented with 2 activity lapse vignettes (health consequences and no health consequences) and reported their intention to use social control after reading each. Results revealed greater parental intention to use social control following the health‐consequences lapse. Active parents reported greater intentions of using positive and collaborative social control tactics. Findings provide preliminary evidence that parents, especially those who are active, may attempt to regulate their child's activity following a failure to engage in a health‐enhancing behavior (i.e., lapse in physical activity).Journal of Applied Social Psychology 04/2012; 42(4). DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00850.x · 0.63 Impact Factor