Article

Melanoma cell sensitivity to Docetaxel-induced apoptosis is determined by class III β-tubulin levels

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan.
FEBS Letters (Impact Factor: 3.34). 02/2008; 582(2):267-72. DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2007.12.014
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have previously shown that Docetaxel-induced variable degrees of apoptosis in melanoma. In this report, we studied the beta-tubulin repertoire of melanoma cell lines and show that class III beta-tubulin expression correlated with Docetaxel-resistance. Sensitive cells showed low levels of class III beta-tubulin with little microtubular incorporation, whereas class III beta-tubulin expression was higher in resistant cells and was incorporated into the cytoskeleton. As proof of concept, abrogation of class III by siRNA reverted Docetaxel-resistant cells to a sensitive phenotype, restoring the microtubular polymerisation response and promoting high levels of apoptosis through Bax activation. These results suggest that phenotypic expression of beta-tubulin class III in melanoma may help identify patients with melanoma that can respond to taxanes.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Charles E. De Bock, Jul 06, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
120 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Overexpression of class III beta-tubulin (TUBB3) is an important mechanism of taxane resistance. Using 7 melanoma cell lines, 2 normal neonatal human epidermal melanocyte (NHEM) cultures, and 49 primary melanomas, we investigated TUBB3 expression, its relationship to chemosensitivity to taxane derivatives, and the epigenetic mechanism controlling TUBB3 gene expression. Normal melanocytes in vitro and in vivo strongly expressed TUBB3 protein. NHEMs exhibited marked chemoresistance to paclitaxel-induced apoptosis. A subset (10 of 49, 20%) of primary malignant melanomas was TUBB3 negative. The incidence of TUBB3-negative melanomas increased with stage of progression. TUBB3 protein expression varied among cell lines; one (HMV-I) of the seven cell lines exhibited an extremely low endogenous level. TUBB3 protein expression correlated well with chemosensitivity to paclitaxel-induced apoptosis (P<0.05). Treatment with a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor restored TUBB3 expression in HMV-I. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed that histones H3 and H4 were hypoacetylated at the TUBB3 gene in HMV-I as compared with a TUBB3-overexpressing cell type (HMV-II). Treatment with the HDAC inhibitor induced gain of histone acetylation only in HMV-I. These results suggest that loss of TUBB3 protein may be induced by histone deacetylation in a subset of malignant melanomas, and may be associated with chemosensitivity to taxane.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 06/2009; 129(6):1516-26. DOI:10.1038/jid.2008.406 · 6.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microtubule-targeting agents, such as taxanes and epothilones, block mitosis and cell proliferation by targeting the dynamics of the cytoskeleton. The taxanes are widely used for treatment of various malignancies, but primary and acquired resistance to chemotherapy remains a significant clinical concern. Class I, II, III, IV, and V beta-tubulin isotypes are expressed in human tumors. Overexpression of the betaIII-tubulin isotype is one mechanism that can render tumor cells resistant to taxanes. The relative expression of betaIII-tubulin correlates with clinical outcomes in several tumor types, including breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, and ovarian cancer. A novel analogue of epothilone B, ixabepilone, has recently been approved in combination with capecitabine for the treatment of patients with anthracycline- and taxane-resistant locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer and as monotherapy in patients whose tumors are resistant or refractory to an anthracycline, a taxane, and capecitabine. The significant antitumor activity of ixabepilone in taxane-resistant tumors may be related to its preferential suppression of the dynamic instability of alpha/betaIII-microtubules in cells expressing high levels of betaIII-tubulin.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 02/2009; 8(1):17-25. DOI:10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-08-0986 · 6.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Avermectins (AVMs) are macrocyclic lactone compounds that have been widely used as parasiticides in veterinary and human medicine and as pesticides in agriculture and horticulture. The multidrug resistance transporter, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), is associated with the efflux transport of AVMs and other drugs across the blood-brain and placental barrier, and plays an important role in attenuating the neurotoxicity and developmental toxicity of AVMs. In this study, the mouse neuroblastoma N2a cell line was used to investigate the neurotoxicity of two AVM derivatives: abamectin (ABM) and doramectin (DOR). We found that both these compounds caused significant dose-dependent inhibition of neurite growth in differentiating N2a cells. In addition, Western blotting analysis showed that ABM and DOR significantly inhibited the expression of not only P-gp but also the cytoskeletal proteins, beta-actin and beta-tubulin. This suggests ABM and DOR may inhibit neurite growth by down-regulating the expression of P-gp and cytoskeletal proteins. Furthermore, knockdown of P-gp expression by RNA interference in N2a cells reduced neurite growth even in the absence of ABM and DOR, and reduced it even more in the presence of low levels of these compounds. These results suggest that even subcytotoxic levels of ABM and DOR can be neurotoxic in differentiating cells and that this neurotoxicity may, at least in part, be the result of the down-regulation of P-gp and cytoskeletal proteins.
    Toxicology Letters 10/2009; 192(2):206-11. DOI:10.1016/j.toxlet.2009.10.021 · 3.36 Impact Factor