Women's exposure to thin-and-beautiful media images: body image effects of media-ideal internalization and impact-reduction interventions.

University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Body image (Impact Factor: 2.19). 04/2005; 2(1):74-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2004.11.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Exposure to media images of thin-and-beautiful women negatively affects the body image and mood states of young women. However, not all women are equally susceptible to these effects. The present experimental investigation with 123 young college women evaluated the moderating effects of the extent of internalization of media ideals. It also examined the preventative impact of two brief interventions (i.e., media literacy information with and without a dissonance-induction procedure). Results indicated that relative to a control group, the exposure to thin-and-beautiful media images adversely influenced the state body image of participants with high internalization levels. Media-literacy psychoeducation prior to the media exposure prevented this adverse effect. Adding a pre-exposure dissonance-induction procedure did not significantly enhance the preventative effects relative to psychoeducation alone. These results and their implications for the treatment and prevention of body image disturbances are discussed in the context of the empirical literature on the media's effects on body image.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examined how different body sizes of a female model—thin, average, and large—influenced advertising effectiveness after controlling for social comparison, body mass index, and facial attractiveness. Findings from a 3 × 2 experimental study with college students (N = 201) indicated that the use of a thin model in advertising was not more effective than using an averaged-bodied model. The use of an average-sized model generated more positive brand attitude and purchase intention over the use of either thin or plus-sized models. This study also investigated the moderating roles of product-body image congruence and skepticism toward advertising to explain conditions under which body sizes are (or are not) effective. No interaction effect of product-body image congruence and a model's body size was found. Moreover, different body sizes mostly generated similar responses among the high skeptics. Of interest, the use of average-sized model generated the most positive responses among the low skeptics.
    Atlantic Journal of Communication 07/2013; 21(3):164-183. DOI:10.1080/15456870.2013.803109
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mass media influence the health behaviors of adolescents. Evidence shows that traditional strategies such as censorship or limitation are no longer efficient; therefore, teaching media literacy is the best way to protect adolescents from harmful effects. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of a media literacy training program on knowledge and behavioral intention of a sample of female students according to the stages of change in dealing with media messages. The study was conducted based on a pre-test and post-test control group design. Some 198 female students including 101 in the intervention group and 97 in the control group participated in this study. The educational program was run using interactive teaching-learning techniques. Data collection was performed using a validated and reliable self-administered questionnaire in three phases including a pre-test, post-test, 1 and post-test, 2. The research data was analyzed through SPSS statistical software, version 14 using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the study showed a significant increase (p=0.001) in the intervention group's knowledge mean scores after the training program. On the other hand, the difference was not significant in the control group (p=0.200). A considerable percentage of the participants, in the intervention and control groups, were in pre contemplation and contemplation stages in the pre-test (64 and 61, respectively). After the intervention, however, a significant improvement (p=0.001) was observed in the intervention group's stages of change compared to that in the control group. The distribution of the control group students regarding the stages of change was similar to that in the pre-test. The study findings revealed that the planned education programs are efficient to improve the adolescents' knowledge and behavioral intention in dealing with mass media messages.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous correlational research indicates that adolescent girls who use social network sites more frequently are more dissatisfied with their bodies. However, we know little about the causal direction of this relationship, the mechanisms underlying this relationship, and whether this relationship also occurs among boys to the same extent. The present two-wave panel study (18 month time lag) among 604 Dutch adolescents (aged 11-18; 50.7 % female; 97.7 % native Dutch) aimed to fill these gaps in knowledge. Structural equation modeling showed that social network site use predicted increased body dissatisfaction and increased peer influence on body image in the form of receiving peer appearance-related feedback. Peer appearance-related feedback did not predict body dissatisfaction and thus did not mediate the effect of social network site use on body dissatisfaction. Gender did not moderate the findings. Hence, social network sites can play an adverse role in the body image of both adolescent boys and girls.
    Journal of Youth and Adolescence 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10964-015-0266-4 · 2.72 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 30, 2014