Long-term efficacy of pregabalin in generalized anxiety disorder.

Pfizer Global Research and Development, Ann Arbor, Missouri, USA.
International Clinical Psychopharmacology (Impact Factor: 3.1). 01/2008; 23(1):18-28. DOI: 10.1097/YIC.0b013e3282f0f0d7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of pregabalin in preventing relapse of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) after response to short-term treatment. Outpatients (n=624) with GAD for > or =1 year received open-label pregabalin (450 mg/day) for 8 weeks and, if a clinical response was observed, were randomized to receive either pregabalin (450 mg/day; n=168) or placebo (n=170) for 24 weeks. The primary efficacy parameter was time to relapse. Among responders to open-label acute treatment with pregabalin, time to relapse of GAD was significantly longer for patients treated with pregabalin compared with placebo (P<0.0001). Fifty per cent of the placebo group had relapsed by day 23, and at study endpoint, 65% had relapsed. In the pregabalin group, only 42% had relapsed by study end. Total attrition during double-blind treatment was somewhat higher on pregabalin compared with placebo (21.4 vs. 15.3%); attrition owing to adverse events (AEs) was also somewhat higher on pregabalin (6.0 vs. 2.4%). AEs were relatively low in the double-blind phase; only three AEs occurred with an incidence of more than 5% on pregabalin and placebo, respectively: infection (14.9 vs. 11.2%), headache (10.1 vs. 11.2%), and somnolence (6.0 vs. 0%). No safety concerns were identified with long-term treatment. The study indicates that pregabalin is an effective treatment for the prevention of relapse in patients with GAD.

Download full-text


Available from: Atul C. Pande, Feb 27, 2015
1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Symptoms of anxiety are common in patients with depression. In this retrospective case series we investigated the effect of Pregabalin as an add-on medication in unipolar depressed patients with high levels of anxiety. The therapeutic effect of Pregabalin showed a fast onset and was comparable to the anxiolytic effect of benzodiazepines.
    Psychiatry Research 01/2014; 215(1-1):246 - 248. DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2013.10.007 · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Different Views of Anxiety Disorders, 09/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-560-0
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pregabalin (PGB) has shown potential as an anxiolytic for treatment of generalized and social anxiety disorder. PGB binds to voltage-dependent calcium channels, leading to upregulation of GABA inhibitory activity and reduction in the release of various neurotransmitters. Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies indicate that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and benzodiazepines attenuate amygdala, insula, and medial prefrontal cortex activation during anticipation and emotional processing in healthy controls. The aim of this study was to examine whether acute PGB administration would attenuate activation in these regions during emotional anticipation. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized crossover study, 16 healthy controls completed a paradigm involving anticipation of negative and positive affective images during fMRI approximately 1 h after administration of placebo, 50, or 200 mg PGB. Linear mixed model analysis revealed that PGB was associated with (1) decreases in left amygdala and anterior insula activation and (2) increases in anterior cingulate (ACC) activation, during anticipation of positive and negative stimuli. There was also a region of the anterior amygdala in which PGB dose was associated with increased activation during anticipation of negative and decreased activation during anticipation of positive stimuli. Attenuation of amygdala and insula activation during anticipatory or emotional processing may represent a common regional brain mechanism for anxiolytics across drug classes. PGB induced increases in ACC activation could be a unique effect related to top-down modulation of affective processing. These results provide further support for the viability of using pharmaco-fMRI to determine the anxiolytic potential of pharmacologic agents.
    Neuropsychopharmacology: official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 03/2011; 36(7):1466-77. DOI:10.1038/npp.2011.32 · 7.83 Impact Factor