Proteasome activity deregulation in LEC rat hepatitis: following the insights of transcriptomic analysis.
ABSTRACT LEC rats show spontaneous hepatitis and hepatocarcinoma development related to oxidative stress due to abnormal copper accumulation in the liver. We used DNA microarrays bearing 22,012 genes to investigate at the transcriptomic level the progression of the hepatitis in LEC rats in comparison to a control obtained from LEC rats treated with D-penicillamine, a copper chelating agent known to block hepatitis development. Multivariate statistical analyses as partial least square (PLS) regression between transcriptomic data and hepatitis markers in plasma led us to select 483 genes related to hepatitis development in these rats. After a complementary discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), 239 important genes for the separation between the different rat groups were selected. Gene ontology classification revealed an overrepresentation of genes involved in protein metabolism-related functions. More importantly, some genes implicated in proteasome pathway were upregulated. However, analysis of 20S proteasome activity showed that trypsin-like and peptidylglutamyl peptide hydrolase activities were diminished during hepatitis. Because oxidative stress is known to promote the inactivation of the proteasome complex, we propose the deregulation of the proteasome genes expression as a result of oxidative inactivation of proteasome activity during hepatitis in LEC rats. These results bring new insights in the hepatitis and the hepatocarcinogenesis development.
Article: HNE-protein adducts formation in different pre-carcinogenic stages of hepatitis in LEC rats.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Lipid peroxidation is highly associated with chronic degenerative diseases such as cancer. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is one of the major products of lipid peroxidation. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal can interact with biomolecules, changing their conformation and activity. This study presents 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-protein adducts formation in the first stages of Long-Evans Cinnamon rat hepatitis, a well recognized model for oxidative stress-associated hepatocarcinogenesis. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-protein adducts appeared in hepatocyte cytoplasm before the beginning of hepatitis and their presence was very strong during hepatitis, while a transient perinuclear expression of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-protein adducts was shown mainly at early hepatitis stages. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-protein adducts formation correlated to the expression of the tumour marker glutathione S-transferase P-form. These results show that lipid peroxidation modification of proteins might be implicated in the first stages of hepatocyte cancer initiation in Long-Evans Cinnamon rats.Free radical research 11/2009; 44(2):119-27. · 2.22 Impact Factor