Article

HLA-A*0201-restricted CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte epitopes identified from herpes simplex virus glycoprotein D.

Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Eye Institute, University of California Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.36). 02/2008; 180(1):426-37. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.180.1.426
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Evidence obtained from both animal models and humans suggests that T cells specific for HSV-1 and HSV-2 glycoprotein D (gD) contribute to protective immunity against herpes infection. However, knowledge of gD-specific human T cell responses is limited to CD4+ T cell epitopes, with no CD8+ T cell epitopes identified to date. In this study, we screened the HSV-1 gD amino acid sequence for HLA-A*0201-restricted epitopes using several predictive computational algorithms and identified 10 high probability CD8+ T cell epitopes. Synthetic peptides corresponding to four of these epitopes, each nine to 10 amino acids in length, exhibited high-affinity binding in vitro to purified human HLA-A*0201 molecules. Three of these four peptide epitopes, gD53-61, gD70-78, and gD278-286, significantly stabilized HLA-A*0201 molecules on T2 cell lines and are highly conserved among and between HSV-1 and HSV-2 strains. Consistent with this, in 33 sequentially studied HLA-A*0201-positive, HSV-1-seropositive, and/or HSV-2-seropositive healthy individuals, the most frequent and robust CD8+ T cell responses, assessed by IFN-gamma ELISPOT, CD107a/b cytotoxic degranulation, and tetramer assays, were directed mainly against gD53-61, gD70-78, and gD278-286 epitopes. In addition, CD8+ T cell lines generated by gD53-61, gD70-78, and gD278-286 peptides recognized infected target cells expressing native gD. Lastly, CD8+ T cell responses specific to gD53-61, gD70-78, and gD278-286 epitopes were induced in HLA-A*0201 transgenic mice following ocular or genital infection with either HSV-1 or HSV-2. The functional gD CD8+ T cell epitopes described herein are potentially important components of clinical immunotherapeutic and immunoprophylactic herpes vaccines.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Søren Buus, Jun 30, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
159 Views
  • Source
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In recent clinical trials, a herpes simplex virus (HSV) recombinant glycoprotein D (gD) vaccine was more efficacious in woman than in men. Here we report six HLA-DR-restricted T-cell gD epitope peptides that bind to multiple HLA-DR (DR1, DR4, DR7, DR13, DR15, and DRB5) molecules that represent a large proportion of the human population. Four of these peptides recalled naturally primed CD4(+) T cells in up to 45% of the 46 HSV-seropositive, asymptomatic individuals studied. For the gD(49-82), gD(77-104), and gD(121-152) peptides, the CD4(+) T-cell responses detected in HSV-seropositive, asymptomatic women were higher and more frequent than the responses detected in men. Immunization of susceptible DRB1*0101 transgenic mice with a mixture of three newly identified, gender-dependent, immunodominant epitope peptides (gD(49-82), gD(77-104), and gD(121-152)) induced a gender- and CD4(+) T-cell-dependent immunity against ocular HSV type 1 challenge. These results revealed a gender-dependent T-cell response to a discrete set of gD epitopes and suggest that while a T-cell epitope-based HSV vaccine that targets a large percentage of the human population may be feasible with a limited number of immunodominant promiscuous HLA-DR-restricted epitopes, gender should be taken into account during evaluations of such vaccines.
    Clinical and vaccine Immunology: CVI 10/2008; 15(9):1436-49. DOI:10.1128/CVI.00123-08 · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The identification of "asymptomatic" (i.e., protective) epitopes recognized by T cells from herpes simplex virus (HSV)-seropositive healthy individuals is a prerequisite for an effective vaccine. Using the PepScan epitope mapping strategy, a library of 179 potential peptide epitopes (15-mers overlapping by 10 amino acids) was identified from HSV type 1 (HSV-1) glycoprotein B (gB), an antigen that induces protective immunity in both animal models and humans. Eighteen groups (G1 to G18) of 10 adjacent peptides each were first screened for T-cell antigenicity in 38 HSV-1-seropositive but HSV-2-seronegative individuals. Individual peptides within the two immunodominant groups (i.e., G4 and G14) were further screened with T cells from HLA-DR-genotyped and clinically defined symptomatic (n = 10) and asymptomatic (n = 10) HSV-1-seropositive healthy individuals. Peptides gB(161-175) and gB(166-180) within G4 and gB(661-675) within G14 recalled the strongest HLA-DR-dependent CD4(+) T-cell proliferation and gamma interferon production. gB(166-180), gB(661-675), and gB(666-680) elicited ex vivo CD4(+) cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) that lysed autologous HSV-1- and vaccinia virus (expressing gB)-infected lymphoblastoid cell lines. Interestingly, gB(166-180) and gB(666-680) peptide epitopes were strongly recognized by CD4(+) T cells from 10 of 10 asymptomatic patients but not by CD4(+) T cells from 10 of 10 symptomatic patients (P < 0.0001; analysis of variance posttest). Inversely, CD4(+) T cells from symptomatic patients preferentially recognized gB(661-675) (P < 0.0001). Thus, we identified three previously unrecognized CD4(+) CTL peptide epitopes in HSV-1 gB. Among these, gB(166-180) and gB(666-680) appear to be "asymptomatic" peptide epitopes and therefore should be considered in the design of future herpes vaccines.
    Journal of Virology 10/2008; 82(23):11792-802. DOI:10.1128/JVI.00692-08 · 4.65 Impact Factor