PDGF Up-regulates CSF-1 Gene Transcription in Ameloblast-like Cells
Department of Pathology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. Journal of Dental Research
(Impact Factor: 4.14).
02/2008; 87(1):33-8. DOI: 10.1177/154405910808700105
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1) is a key regulatory cytokine for amelogenesis, and ameloblasts synthesize CSF-1. We hypothesized that PDGF stimulates DNA synthesis and regulates CSF-1 in these cells. We determined the effect of PDGF on CSF-1 expression using MEOE-3M ameloblasts as a model. By RT-PCR, MEOE-3M expressed PDGFRs and PDGF A- and B-chain mRNAs. PDGF-BB increased DNA synthesis and up-regulated CSF-1 mRNA and protein in MEOE-3M. Cells transfected with CSF-1 promoter deletion constructs were analyzed. A PDGF-responsive region between -1.7 and -0.795 kb, containing a consensus Pea3 binding motif, was identified. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) showed that PDGF-BB stimulated protein binding to this motif that was inhibited in the presence of anti-Pea3 antibody. Analysis of these data provides the first evidence that PDGF-BB is a mitogen for MEOE-3M and increases CSF-1 protein levels, predominantly by transcription. Elucidation of the cellular pathways that control CSF-1 expression may provide novel strategies for the regulation of enamel matrix formation.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.