Cyclosporine in the treatment of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis.
ABSTRACT Therapeutic approach to patients with idiopathic membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis is still controversial. Because it is more common in developing countries, the studies about it are limited.
We used cyclosporine to treat 18 patients with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis who were resistant to other treatment protocols such as using aspirin, dipyridamole, or steroids. All patients were treated with cyclosporine plus low-dose prednisone and were followed for an average 108 weeks.
Partial or complete remission of proteinuria occurred in 94% of the patients (P<0.01). Relapse occurred in one (14.2%) of remitters after discontinuation of the drug. But the remainder stayed in remission to the end of the observation period. There was a 507% decrease in the baseline creatinine clearance in one patient (5.5%).
These results suggest that cyclosporine may be an effective therapeutic agent in the treatment of resistant idiopathic membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. Although the response is appeared later than other types of glomerulonephritis, but a long-term decrease in proteinuria and preservation of filtration function were observed in a significant proportion of the treated patients.
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ABSTRACT: Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis is an uncommon kidney disorder characterized by mesangial cell proliferation and structural changes in glomerular capillary walls. It can be subdivided into idiopathic and secondary forms, which are differentially diagnosed by a review of clinical features, laboratory data, and renal histopathology. Three types-I, II, and III-have been defined by pathologic features. All three types are associated with hypocomplementemia, but they manifest somewhat different mechanisms of complement activation. Type II, also known as "dense deposit disease", is associated with the presence of C3-nephritic factor. Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis primarily affects children and young adults, with patients presenting with nephrotic or nephritic syndrome or with asymptomatic renal disease. This type of glomerulonephritis often progresses slowly to end-stage renal disease, and it tends to recur after renal transplantation, especially type II. The efficacy of various forms of treatment remains controversial; however, long-term steroid treatment seems to be effective in children with nephrotic-range proteinuria. Improvement in renal outcomes largely relies on the evaluation of more selective agents in carefully controlled studies.Pediatric Nephrology 11/2009; 25(8):1409-18. · 2.52 Impact Factor