Article

Recognition of facial emotions among maltreated children with high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Department of Psychology, University of California, 1285 Franz Hall, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
Child Abuse & Neglect (Impact Factor: 2.47). 02/2008; 32(1):139-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2007.09.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to examine processing of facial emotions in a sample of maltreated children showing high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Maltreatment during childhood has been associated independently with both atypical processing of emotion and the development of PTSD. However, research has provided little evidence indicating how high rates of PTSD might relate to maltreated children's processing of emotions.
Participants' reaction time and labeling of emotions were measured using a morphed facial emotion identification task. Participants included a diverse sample of maltreated children with and without PTSD and controls ranging in age from 8 to 15 years. Maltreated children had been removed from their homes and placed in state custody following experiences of maltreatment. Diagnoses of PTSD and other disorders were determined through combination of parent, child, and teacher reports.
Maltreated children displayed faster reaction times than controls when labeling emotional facial expressions, and this result was most pronounced for fearful faces. Relative to children who were not maltreated, maltreated children both with and without PTSD showed enhanced response times when identifying fearful faces. There was no group difference in labeling of emotions when identifying different facial emotions.
Maltreated children show heightened ability to identify fearful faces, evidenced by faster reaction times relative to controls. This association between maltreatment and atypical processing of emotion is independent of PTSD diagnosis.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
117 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: De manier waarop emoties in de hersenen worden verwerkt, kun je onderzoeken door iemands hersenen te scannen tijdens het zien van verschillende emotionele gezichten (Masten e.a., 2008). Dit soort fMRI-onderzoek is nog weinig gedaan bij adolescenten die trauma’s hebben meegemaakt, zoals seksueel misbruik (Rinne-Albers e.a., in druk). Meegemaakt trauma en de manier waarop iemand gehecht is, spelen een belangrijke rol bij het reguleren van emoties (Beijersbergen e.a., 2012). Vanuit het perspectief van de ouder-kindinteractie ontstaat een hechtingsrelatie die veilig is als ouders voorspelbaar, betrouwbaar en invoelend reageren op het kind. Indien dit niet het geval is, zoals bij traumatiserende ervaringen door kindermishandeling, verwaarlozing of psychiatrische problematiek van ouders, wordt de hechtingsrelatie ervaren als onveilig (Bowlby, 1988). Zowel uit onderzoek (o.a. Fisher, 2000) als uit de klinische praktijk komt naar voren dat mensen die in hun jeugd seksueel zijn misbruikt, moeit ...
    09/2013; 12(3):118-121. DOI:10.1007/s12454-013-0037-x
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study tested theories regarding differences in emotion processing among youth characterized by primary versus acquired callous-unemotional (CU) traits in a sample of 417 detained adolescents (306 boys, 111 girls). Mixture modeling identified 2 groups of youth high in CU, but with different levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms consistent with theoretical conceptualizations of acquired CU as being linked to trauma. Differences between the 2 groups of youth were investigated regarding 3 dimensions of emotion processing: emotion regulation, numbing, and recognition. Compared to youth classified in the primary group, youth classified as acquired CU demonstrated greater difficulty with lack of clarity (OR = 0.53), and nonacceptance of emotions, (OR = 0.57), general numbing of emotions (OR = 0.87), and recognition of disgust (OR = 0.18). Differences in emotion processing reported by youth in the 2 groups are consistent with theories regarding acquired callousness as related to emotional detachment in the aftermath of posttraumatic distress. The results of the current study have implications for the classification of primary and acquired CU, as well as the clinical treatment of youth with these characteristics.
    Journal of Traumatic Stress 07/2014; 27(4). DOI:10.1002/jts.21931 · 2.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Exposure to maltreatment is associated with biological, psychological, and social development impairments in children. This systematic literature review sought to determine whether an association exists between child maltreatment and facial emotion processing and recognition. The search was conducted using the databases PubMed, PsycINFO, and SciELO using the following keywords: "maltreatment," "adversity," "neglect," "sexual abuse," "emotional abuse," "physical abuse," "child(*)," "early," "infant," "face," "facial," "recognition," "expression," "emotion(*)," and "impairment." Seventeen articles were selected and analyzed. Maltreated children tended to exhibit less accuracy in global facial tasks and showed greater reactivity, response bias, and electrophysiological activation of specific brain areas in response to faces expressing negative emotions, especially anger. We concluded that the results of this review are exploratory and non-conclusive due to the small number of studies published and the wide variety of aims and procedures. Those shortcomings notwithstanding, the results indicate definite tendencies and gaps that should be more thoroughly explored in future studies.
    Frontiers in Psychology 12/2014; 5:1460. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01460 · 2.80 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
46 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014