Persistently increased serum concentration of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein predicts adverse clinical outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure.
ABSTRACT Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) is a small cytosolic protein that is released into the circulation when the myocardium is injured. This study examined whether serial measurement of the H-FABP level provides additional prognostic information.
Serum H-FABP levels were measured in 113 consecutive chronic heart failure (CHF) patients at both admission and discharge. The following 3 patterns of changes were identified. In 41 patients, H-FABP levels (<4.3 ng/ml) at both admission and discharge were normal (Group 1). The remaining 72 patients had high initial H-FABP levels (> or =4.3 ng/ml) at admission, and in 21 of them (29%), H-FABP decreased to the normal range at discharge (Group 2), whereas 51 had persistently high H-FABP levels despite improvement in symptoms and signs of CHF (Group 3). There were 33 cardiac events (29%) during the follow-up period, and Group 3 had significantly higher cardiac event rates than Groups 1 and 2 (p=0.0002). Group 3 had the highest cardiac risk among the groups (hazard ratio 5.68, p=0.012).
Serial measurement of the H-FABP level is a new monitoring tool that provides information to guide optimal therapy and management of CHF patients.
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ABSTRACT: Renal function is the most important predictor of clinical outcome in heart failure (HF). It is therefore essential to have accurate and reliable measurement of renal function and early specific markers of renal impairment in patients with HF. Several renal functional entities exist, including glomerular filtration (GFR), glomerular permeability, tubulointerstitial damage, and endocrine function. Different markers have been studied that can be used to determine changes and the effect of treatment in these entities. In the present review, we summarize current and novel markers that give an assessment of renal function and prognosis in the setting of acute and chronic HF.Heart Failure Reviews 05/2011; 17(2):241-50. · 3.20 Impact Factor