A new assessment method for urbanization environmental impact: urban environment entropy model and its application.

Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wushan, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510640, China.
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment (Impact Factor: 1.59). 01/2008; 146(1-3):433-9. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-007-0089-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The thermodynamic law is one of the most widely used scientific principles. The comparability between the environmental impact of urbanization and the thermodynamic entropy was systematically analyzed. Consequently, the concept "Urban Environment Entropy" was brought forward and the "Urban Environment Entropy" model was established for urbanization environmental impact assessment in this study. The model was then utilized in a case study for the assessment of river water quality in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone. The results indicated that the assessing results of the model are consistent to that of the equalized synthetic pollution index method. Therefore, it can be concluded that the Urban Environment Entropy model has high reliability and can be applied widely in urbanization environmental assessment research using many different environmental parameters.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Iron, chromium, cobalt and nickel concentration levels in urban soil samples collected from Moa city (Holguín province), northeastern Cuba were determined. Both chromium and nickel contents exceed the Dutch Intervention Value soil quality standard in 2.8–5.4 and 1.3–3.3 times, respectively. Furthermore, cobalt content exceeds the Target Value in 1.3–1.8 times. Metal-to-Iron normalization predicts a natural origin for nickel and cobalt (Enrichment Factor <1), and also a moderate chromium enrichment (Enrichment Factor=1.5–4.0) in all studied stations. The application of the Urban Environment Entropy Model show that residential area located near to industrial area is slightly affected by industrial chromium emissions and not affected by cobalt and nickel possible emissions. A chromium speciation in soil samples is recommended in order to evaluate the real impact of the current chromium content in Moa urban soils to local urban and suburban agricultures. KeywordsUrban soils–Heavy metals–Pollution–Environmental entropy–Cuba
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 02/2011; 86(2):189-193. · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to understand the sustainability of urban spatial transformation in the process of rapid urbanization, and calls for future research on the demographic and economic dimensions of climate change. Shanghai towards its transformation to a metropolis has experienced vast socioeconomic and ecological change and calls for future research on the impacts of demographic and economic dimensions on climate change. We look at the major questions (1) to explore economic and demographic growth, land use and land-cover changes in the context of rapid economic and city growth, and (2) to analyze how the demography and economic growth have been associated with the local air temperature and vegetation. We examine urban growth, land use and land-cover changes in the context of rapid economic development and urbanization. We assess the impact of urban expansion on local air temperature and vegetation. The analysis is based on time series data of land use, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), and meteorological, demographic and economic data. The results indicate that urban growth has been driven by mass immigration; as a consequence of economic growth and urban expansion, a large amount of farmland has been converted to paved road and residential buildings. Furthermore, the difference between air temperature in urban and exurban areas has increased rapidly. The decrease of high mean annual NDVI has mainly occurred around the dense urban areas.
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research 06/2012; 19(5):1364-74. · 2.76 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new concept of urban environmental entropy was introduced to investigate the effect of urbanization on air environment considering the fact that rapid development of urbanization may have negative influence on the whole air environment system. The urban environmental entropies which were built based on the generalized thermodynamic entropy and the generalized statistic entropy, respectively. These two entropy models have been used to analyze the relationship between the development of urbanization and air environment. The negative entropy flow mechanism was proposed to reveal the advantages and approaches of regional cities in improving air environment system. A case study on 17 cities in Shandong Province of China showed that the values of urban environmental entropy were negative in most cities from 2001 to 2008, which implies that there is a positive correlation between the development of urbanization and air environment and that is a negative entropy development level in Shandong Province of China. In 2008, the urbanization of Qingdao city and Jinan city improved their air environments. Moreover, restraints for both cities in air environment improvement were recognized according to the analysis of negative entropy flow mechanism. KeywordsUrbanization–Air environment–Urban environmental entropy
    Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment 01/2012; 26(3):443-450. · 1.96 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 1, 2014