Management of concomitant hepatic artery injury in patients with iatrogenic major bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
ABSTRACT Concomitant hepatic artery injury is a rare but severe complication associated with bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).
Sixty patients referred with biliary injury after LC between April 1998 and December 2005 were divided into two groups according to the time elapsed between injury and definitive surgical revision; patients in group 1 were referred early (within 4 days) after operation and those in group 2 were referred later. Hepatic rearterialization was performed in addition to biliary reconstruction when technically possible.
Damage to the hepatic artery was detected in ten patients. Hepatic rearterialization was carried out in five patients by end-to-end anastomosis (one), or by using an autologous graft (three) or allogeneic vascular graft (one). Three patients in group 2 underwent right hemihepatectomy without arterial reconstruction owing to liver necrosis or lobar atrophy. Three of ten patients died from postoperative complications.
Combined bile duct and hepatic artery injury during LC led to a complicated clinical course, with a high mortality rate. Reconstruction of the right hepatic artery might be helpful in reducing hepatic ischaemia, but is usually feasible only if the injury is identified early.
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ABSTRACT: Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy were evaluated by a survey of surgical department chairpersons at 4,292 US hospitals. The 77,604 cases were reported by 1,750 respondents. Laparotomy was required for treatment of a complication in 1.2% of patients. The mean rate of bile duct injury (exclusive of cystic duct) was 0.6% and was significantly lower at institutions that had performed more than 100 cases. Bile duct injuries were recognized postoperatively in half of the cases and most frequently required anastomotic repair. Intraoperative cholangiography was practiced selectively by 52% of the respondents and routinely by 31%. Bowel and vascular injuries, which occurred in 0.14% and 0.25% of cases, respectively, were the most lethal complications. Postoperative bile leak was recognized in 0.3% of patients, most commonly originating from the cystic duct. Eighteen of 33 postoperative deaths resulted from operative injury. These data demonstrate that laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with low rates of morbidity and mortality but a significant rate of bile duct injury.The American Journal of Surgery 02/1993; 165(1):9-14. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This is a retrospective study of 32 consecutive patients referred in the period 1992-2000 for management of serious bile duct injuries caused by elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The patients were referred on median 29 days (0 days to 34 months). Only 7 patients were referred immediately after discovery of the injury. At the local hospital, 25 patients underwent various procedures in attempts at repair. Ten of the patients were treated for bile duct strictures after previous repairs in other hospitals. At referral, 23 patients (72%) had complete transection of the bile duct, while 9 had bile leakage injuries. Additional complications were occlusion of the right hepatic artery in 8 patients (24%) and occlusion of the mesenteric superior artery in 1 patient. Infectious complications were prominent in 21 patients (70%), 6 of whom had septicaemia. Operative management with hepaticojejunostomy Roux-Y was employed in 22 patients. Various non-operative strategies were chosen, including endoscopically or transhepatic stenting of the bile duct and embolization of the right hepatic artery. There was no difference in hospital stay between operative and non-operative procedures which on median was 16 days ( range 7-69 days). Three patients died: one had thrombosis of the superior mesenteric artery, while the other two died of complications to bile peritonitis. Median observation period is 5 years (5 months to 8 years). Two patients have cholangitis; both had injury to the right hepatic artery. The other patients all had normal ultrasonograms of the liver and normal/almost normal liver function tests. Bile duct injuries continue to occur, are serious and may result in death. Injury to the right hepatic artery is present in many cases. Patients are referred late to a competent center, resulting in serious infection in 70%.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2002; 37(4):476-81. · 2.16 Impact Factor
- The American Journal of Surgery 07/1992; 163(6):590-2. · 2.52 Impact Factor