CD25 Expression on Cutaneous Mast Cells From Adult Patients Presenting With Urticaria Pigmentosa is Predictive of Systemic Mastocytosis
ABSTRACT Urticaria pigmentosa (UP) is a clinicopathologic term used to describe reddish-brown cutaneous macules and papules, characterized histologically by mast cell infiltration of the papillary and upper reticular dermis and reactive basal hyperpigmentation of the overlying epidermis. Although typically a benign, self-limited disorder of childhood, a significant proportion (up to 30%) of adolescent and adult-onset UP represents cutaneous involvement by underlying systemic mastocytosis (SM). Predicting the course of cutaneous mast cell disease has been limited by a lack of diagnostic and prognostic markers. In patients with SM, neoplastic bone marrow mast cells show aberrant surface expression of CD25. However, whether CD25 expression on cutaneous mast cells is associated with underlying SM is unknown. In this study, we performed a clinicopathologic analysis of 30 adult patients presenting with UP between 1987 and 2007. Cutaneous mast cell infiltration pattern, cytomorphology, density, and CD25 immunoreactivity were correlated with underlying or subsequent SM. On the basis of clinical and pathologic follow-up, 10 of 30 (33%) patients were diagnosed with SM and 20 of 30 (67%) with limited cutaneous mastocytosis (CM). Although cutaneous mast cell density was slightly higher in patients with SM compared to those with limited CM (P=0.047), neither mast cell cytomorphology nor infiltration pattern correlated with underlying systemic disease. However, cutaneous mast cells from all 10 patients with SM (100%) were immunoreactive for CD25, compared to only 5 of 20 (25%) with limited CM (P<0.001). Our findings suggest that immunoreactivity for CD25 in cutaneous mast cells may be useful for stratifying adult patients presenting with UP for additional clinical evaluation.
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- "In contrast, as we previously described , levels of p27Kip1 protein were especially decreased in stimulated cells (Figure 4B, compare lane 4 with lanes 2 and 6). While CD25 (Il2Ra) is normally not expressed by human mast cells in non-pathogenic conditions , , it is normally expressed by a subset of in vitro-differentiated murine BMMCs (Figure 4C) as well as by a subset of peritoneal and tissue mast cells in the mouse (Deho' and Monticelli, unpublished observation). The mean fold increase for Il2Ra from the arrays was 2.1, which strongly correlated with the increased surface expression of this marker in cells overexpressing miR-221 (Figure 4C). "
ABSTRACT: Mast cells have essential effector and immunoregulatory functions in IgE-associated allergic disorders and certain innate and adaptive immune responses, but the role of miRNAs in regulating mast cell functions is almost completely unexplored. To examine the role of the activation-induced miRNA miR-221 in mouse mast cells, we developed robust lentiviral systems for miRNA overexpression and depletion. While miR-221 favored mast cell adhesion and migration towards SCF or antigen in trans-well migration assays, as well as cytokine production and degranulation in response to IgE-antigen complexes, neither miR-221 overexpression, nor its ablation, interfered with mast cell differentiation. Transcriptional profiling of miR-221-overexpressing mast cells revealed modulation of many transcripts, including several associated with the cytoskeleton; indeed, miR-221 overexpression was associated with reproducible increases in cortical actin in mast cells, and with altered cellular shape and cell cycle in murine fibroblasts. Our bioinformatics analysis showed that this effect was likely mediated by the composite effect of miR-221 on many primary and secondary targets in resting cells. Indeed, miR-221-induced cellular alterations could not be recapitulated by knockdown of one of the major targets of miR-221. We propose a model in which miR-221 has two different roles in mast cells: in resting cells, basal levels of miR-221 contribute to the regulation of the cell cycle and cytoskeleton, a general mechanism probably common to other miR-221-expressing cell types, such as fibroblasts. Vice versa, upon induction in response to mast cell stimulation, miR-221 effects are mast cell-specific and activation-dependent, contributing to the regulation of degranulation, cytokine production and cell adherence. Our studies provide new insights into the roles of miR-221 in mast cell biology, and identify novel mechanisms that may contribute to mast cell-related pathological conditions, such as asthma, allergy and mastocytosis.PLoS ONE 10/2011; 6(10):e26133. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0026133 · 3.23 Impact Factor
- Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 02/2005; 115(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jaci.2004.12.1001 · 11.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An 11-year old Caucasian female with a remote history of urticaria pigmentosa presented with a neck mass. A biopsy demonstrated a large intradermal nodule composed of unusually large epithelioid mast cells, including a prominent subset with bi-lobed and multi-lobed nuclei. By immunohistochemistry, the cells expressed CD117 (C-Kit), mast cell tryptase, CD68, and CD25, and were negative for CD163, CD1a, and S-100, confirming the diagnosis of mastocytoma. Equally prominent was an admixed infiltrate of CD68 and CD163-positive xanthomatous histiocytes that included Touton-type giant cells. Eosinophils were abundant. At 7 months follow-up, there was no recurrence of the lesion following complete excision. However, given the unusual cytologic features, close clinical observation is warranted, as the long-term biologic potential of mastocytoma with this degree of cytologic atypia is uncertain. Awareness of this unusual morphologic variant is also important as the histologic features may mimic such childhood neoplasms as juvenile xanthogranuloma and Langerhans cell histiocytosis.Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 08/2009; 36(11):1215-20. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0560.2009.01257.x · 1.58 Impact Factor