High association of human papillomavirus infection with oral cancer: a case-control study.
ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to determine the association of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) in Mexican individuals with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and their association with various risk factors.
We designed a matched case-control study. Cases were individuals with newly diagnosed OSCC, age- and sex-matched with controls (1:4). Demographic and clinical data were obtained; also a self-administered questionnaire about sexual behavior was included. DNA from oral brushing was purified to amplify HPV-DNA through MY09/MY11 and GP5+/GP6+ primers and subsequently subjected to sequencing. Conditional regression models were built to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).
Sixty two cases and 248 controls (53.2% males), median age 62 years (Q1-Q3=54-72 years) were included. HPV prevalence was 43.5% in cases and 17.3% in controls (HR-HPV: 37.1% cases, 9.7% controls). The most frequent types in cases were HPV-16 and HPV-18 (55.6 and 18.5%). The presence of HR-HPV was associated with OSCC (OR=6.2; 95% CI: 2.98-12.97) controlling for the most common risk factors. An interaction between smoking and drinking was detected, and family history of cancer was also significant (OR: 3.61; 95% CI=1.44-8.99). Early age at first sexual intercourse and large number of lifetime sexual partners showed an association with HR-HPV (p=0.019 and p=0.033, respectively).
Oral HR-HPV was strongly associated with OSCC, suggesting that HPV-16 and -18 are risk factors for oral cancer in Mexican patients. A significant association of tobacco and alcohol was confirmed. In addition, family history of cancer was associated with OSCC. The results underline the role of HPV in OSCC and its multifactorial etiology.
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ABSTRACT: The methodology of revealing and studying chemical carcinogens in the environment is based on epidemiology, animal testing, and short-term laboratory studies. The techniques and limitations of these respective investigations are described. From evidence of carcinogenicity, extrapolation must be made to assess whether a particular substance is a cause of cancer in humans. This inference depends upon the type of evidence for carcinogenicity. In particular, parameters limiting extrapolation of all laboratory assays include species' specificity and dose response. Control of the environmental distribution of punative carcinogens poses difficulty, both in the selection of substances, and in legislative design. Certain personal habits still constitute the major established carcinogenic hazards for the community-at-large.The Medical journal of Australia 02/1978; 1(2):92-5. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in the normal oral cavity was studied by the sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primers for the L1 region of human papillomavirus DNA and high fidelity amplification system. Cells were scraped from the oral mucosae of 7 (mean age; 42 years) and 30 (mean age; 32 years) volunteers with and without skin warts, respectively. Human papillomavirus DNA was detected in 30/37 (81.1%) specimens and their copy numbers per cell were 10(-1) to 10(-4) (mean, 10(-3)). The human papillomavirus types determined by PCR-based sequencing analysis were HPV-18 (26/30; 86.7%), -61 (18/30; 60%), -59 (7/30; 23.3%), -16 (2/30; 6.7%), -6 (1/30; 3.3%) and an unknown type (HPV-X71) (1/30; 3.3%). Multiple human papillomavirus types were present in 17/30 (56.7%) specimens. HPV-6 was detected in 2 of 7 skin warts and differed from the human papillomavirus types of the corresponding oral specimens. These data suggest that human papillomavirus infection in the oral mucosa occurs much more frequently than previously considered.Oral Microbiology and Immunology 09/1999; 14(4):201-5. · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: India has one of the world's highest incidences of oral cancer. The habit of chewing betel quid is widespread and is suspected to play a role in the etiology of this disease. Studies in many other countries have also pointed to a role for human papilloma-viruses (HPVs) in the etiology of some oral cancers. In this study we analyzed biopsies from 91 Indian oral cancer patients, most of whom were betel quid chewers, by PCR amplification and direct DNA sequencing. HPV DNA was detected in 74% of these lesions, of which 41% had multiple HPV infections. Among the lesions from different oral sites, lesions of the tongue had the highest rate (9 of 11) of HPV infection. These HPV prevalences are among the highest ever reported in oral cancers. As to individual HPV types, prevalences of HPV-6, HPV-II, HPV-16 and HPV-18 were 13%, 20%, 42% and 47%, respectively. No additional known or novel HPV types were detected. To understand the unexpectedly high prevalences of the “low-risk” types HPV-6 and HPV-11, we compared the subtypes and variants that were found in oral cancers against those from benign genital warts from the same patient population but found no differences. The high prevalence of HPV in the oral cancers of these Indian patients suggests that viral infection is an important etiological component, with betel quid probably causing additional mutagenic steps in the carcinogenic process. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.International Journal of Cancer 05/1995; 61(4):450 - 454. · 6.20 Impact Factor