Specificity of belief domains in OCD: validation of the French version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire and a comparison across samples.

Centre de Recherche Fernand-Seguin, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Journal of Anxiety Disorders (Impact Factor: 2.96). 02/2008; 22(6):1029-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2007.11.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This paper assesses the psychometric properties of the French version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) and investigates whether the questionnaire discriminates between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxious control (AC), and non-clinical control (NCC) participants. A confirmatory factor analysis suggested a poor fit of the model. An exploratory factor analysis replicated the original factor structure. The subscales were moderately intercorrelated and highly correlated with the total score. There was partial support for convergent/divergent validity of the OBQ-44. In analyses of variance comparing the three samples, the participants in the OCD sample scored significantly higher than the participants in the AC and NCC samples on all of the OBQ-44 scores. In analyses of covariance comparing the OCD and NCC samples while controlling for general distress and age, the participants with OCD scored significantly higher than the NCC participants on all of the OBQ-44 scores. Implications of the current study are discussed.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Obsessional Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) is a self-administered instrument comprised of 44 items, designed to assess the beliefs of patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The objective of this study was to describe the process of translation and adaption of the questionnaire into Brazilian Portuguese. For the translation and adaptation of the OBQ-44, we first obtained authorization from the authors of the original scale to use the instrument. Subsequently, the scale was independently translated from English into Brazilian Portuguese by two health professionals with proficiency in English. Following comparison of the two translations, a preliminary version was obtained and tried out on a sample of 20 patients with a primary diagnosis of OCD. This pretest aimed to assess the patients' understanding of the items and to make any necessary language adaptations. Then, the scale was independently back-translated by two psychiatrists, also with proficiency in English. Following comparison of the two back-translations, a final version in English was developed; this version was evaluated and approved by the authors of the original instrument. The Brazilian Portuguese version of the OBQ-44, after the process of translation and adaptation here described, showed to be of easy interpretation by patients with different educational levels. The instrument can therefore be used to assess patients from different Brazilian socioeconomic contexts. OBQ-44 is a self-administered instrument of easy application. Therefore, it can be useful in the identification of dysfunctional beliefs in OCD patients, contributing toward a better understanding of the role played by such beliefs in the onset and maintenance of the disorder.
    12/2011; 34(1):31-37. DOI:10.1590/S2237-60892012000100007
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) assign a central role to maladaptive beliefs. Evaluation of these OCD beliefs in Western countries is commonly accomplished using the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ) and is important for conceptualizing and treating OCD. It remains unclear if Western models of OCD beliefs are appropriate for sufferers in some non-Western regions, such as China, which represents nearly 20 % of the world population. Thus, the aim of present study is to examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese translation of the OBQ in three samples: 1,322 undergraduates, 139 patients with OCD, and 79 patients with other anxiety disorders. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed poor fit for multiple English-based models of the OBQ. However, an exploratory factor analysis supported an OBQ model that differs slightly from the English version: (1) Perfectionism/Certainty (P/C), (2) Over-Estimation of Threat (T), (3) Importance of Thoughts/Responsibility for Harm (I/R). This Chinese version of the OBQ (C-OBQ) contains 30 items and shows adequate internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity, and criterion-related validity. In China, the C-OBQ may be a useful instrument for delineating cognitive patterns associated with OCD to inform research and treatment.
    Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 09/2013; 36(3). DOI:10.1007/s10862-013-9395-9 · 1.55 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cognitive theories of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) ascertain that catastrophic (mis)interpretations of normally occurring intrusive thoughts are causal to the onset and maintenance of OCD. Recently, Calkins, Berman and Wilhelm have highlighted research validating the cognitive model. However, the current comment article stresses various findings that challenge basic premises of the cognitive theory. Moreover, a review of clinical studies investigating cognitive and behavioral therapies for OCD questions the added value of cognitive interventions over and above behavior therapy consisting of exposure and response prevention for this disorder. We suggest an alternative, potentially more useful route of investigation, stressing executive (dis)functions as the cause of OCD patients to (automatically) act on internal and external stimuli. We further suggest that dysfunctional beliefs proposed as paramount in the pathogenesis of OCD according to the cognitive model may be less important and specific than formerly believed.
    Current Psychiatry Reports 12/2013; 15(12):416. DOI:10.1007/s11920-013-0416-x · 3.05 Impact Factor


Available from
May 30, 2014