A multi-centre retrospective review of second-line therapy in advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
ABSTRACT Limited information on second-line treatment in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma is available. At time of first-line treatment failure, approximately half of the patients are candidates for further treatment.
A retrospective review of 183 patients submitted to second-line therapy has been performed to identify prognostic factors, provides useful information for patients counseling and generates hypotheses for future studies. Inclusion criteria were: cytological or histologic diagnosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma and prior gemcitabine-including chemotherapy. Any age, performance status (PS) and chemotherapy regimen were considered.
One hundred and eighty-three patients (106 males; 168 metastatic; median age 62 years; median PS 1; 63 submitted to prior curative surgery, 32 to prior radiotherapy) with a median previous progression-free survival (PFS) of 6.7 months were included. Median and 6-month PFS after initiation of salvage therapy were 3.0 months and 20%. Median, 1 and 2 years, overall survival after initiation of salvage therapy were 6.2 months, 17 and 4%, respectively. Previous PFS, CA19.9 levels and age independently predicted OS.
Re-challenge with gemcitabine and 5-fluorouracil administration may have a role in selected patients.
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is the fourth cause of death in the Western world. Surgery remains the only treatment offering an advantage in terms of overall survival (5-year survival range, 15-25%), but unfortunately only 10-20% of patients present resectable disease at the time of diagnosis. Hence chemotherapy, possibly combined with radiation therapy, remains the only treatment option aimed at palliation of symptoms and ensuring a better quality of life. Notwithstanding the efforts to find more effective therapies for the treatment of pancreatic cancer, significant results have not yet been achieved. Increasing interest has focused on integrated treatments, i.e. chemotherapy combined with targeted therapies, and a better selection of patients. This study examines the principal clinical trials that will help give clinicians an overview of the progress made in the systemic therapy for advanced pancreatic cancer patients in recent years.Oncology Reports 05/2010; 23(5):1183-92. · 1.84 Impact Factor