Provider and patient perceptions about dental care during pregnancy
ABSTRACT To compare the opinions of dentists, obstetricians, and patients on dental care in pregnancy: its necessity, accessibility, and safety.
A 35-item questionnaire was distributed within Ohio, to 400 patients and 1000 providers between October 2004 and July 2005. Univariate comparisons between dentists and obstetricians were made by Fisher's exact test. Adjustments for confounding were made through logistic regression models.
Most providers rated prenatal dental screening as important, agreeing that poor dental hygiene related to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Although 84% of patients reported dental visits as safe, only 44% received care; the main limitation was financial. Providers agreed that pregnant patients could undergo dental cleanings, caries treatments, and abscess drainage but disagreed regarding the safety of X-rays, periodontal surgery, amalgam, and narcotic usage. In general, obstetricians were more comfortable than dentists with procedures and medication usage but less often reported recommending routine prenatal dental care.
Different respondent perceptions exist regarding the safety, accessibility, and necessity of prenatal dental treatments. Professional guidelines about oral health screening in pregnancy and the safety of dental procedures would benefit our patients and colleagues.
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ABSTRACT: While parity (number of children) reportedly is related to tooth loss, the relationship between parity and dental caries has not been extensively investigated. We used path analysis to test a theoretical model that specified that parity influences dental caries levels through dental care, psycho- social factors, and dental health damaging behaviors in 2635 women selected from the NHANES III dataset. We found that while increased parity was not associated with a greater level of total caries (DFS), parity was related to untreated dental caries (DS). The mechanisms by which parity is related to caries, however, remain undefined. Further investigation is warranted to determine if disparities in dental caries among women are due to differences in parity and the likely changes that parallel these reproductive choices.Journal of dental research 10/2010; 89(10):1091-6. DOI:10.1177/0022034510375282 · 4.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: The main objective of the MaterniDent study was to determine the nature and frequency of dental problems experienced by pregnant women and their associated factors. The secondary objective was to determine the frequency of dental visits during pregnancy and to identify associated factors. Methods: The MaterniDent study was a multicenter cross-sectional study conducted among 904 postpartum women in three French maternity wards. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Measured variables included socio-demographic, health and behavioral characteristics. Results: 57% of women reported having experienced at least one dental problem during pregnancy, while 20% had experienced dental pain during pregnancy. Multiparity, vomiting, soda consumption and increased sugar consumption during pregnancy were significantly associated with dental pain (p<0.05). 56% of women did not visit a dentist during pregnancy, 26% consulted a dentist for a perceived problem, and 18% visited a dentist for a check-up. Younger pregnant women and those without supplemental insurance were less likely to see a dentist for a preventive dental visit (p <0.05). Discussion: A significant proportion of women experienced a dental problem during pregnancy, although they did not necessarily consult a dentist to treat the problem. Given the impact of oral diseases for both mother and child, prevention and professional dental care during pregnancy should be promoted.Santé Publique 25(3):281-92. · 0.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: For decades pastoral theology has emphasized care for the whole person and, more recently, this focus has been expanded to include caring for the physical health of parishioners. However, an overlooked area of general fitness has been the importance of oral health. Dental caries and periodontal disease are among the most common chronic diseases that disproportionately affect the most vulnerable populations. Despite significant progress in preventing and managing these oral diseases, there is a large segment of the population that have not experienced the same gains. This paper seeks to begin to fill this gap by identifying key epidemiological, professional and ethical issues related to social justice and oral health. Disparities of oral disease and access to oral health care in the United States will be addressed by examining questions and issues related to social justice. Critical problems are identified, including inadequate financial resources, a disjointed infrastructure of care, separation from the general medical care system, and poor understanding of important oral health determinants. Furthermore, if oral health is integral to one’s overall health and general well-being, then the concept of a basic human right should be entertained. Faith-based groups could provide a link for bridging this disparity gap in oral health among their parishioners through active listening, advocacy and targeted educational programs.Pastoral Psychology 04/2012; 62(2). DOI:10.1007/s11089-012-0451-2