An investigation into the use of human papillomavirus type 16 virus-like particles as a delivery vector system for foreign proteins: N- and C-terminal fusion of GFP to the L1 and L2 capsid proteins

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7701, South Africa.
Archives of Virology (Impact Factor: 2.39). 02/2008; 153(3):585-9. DOI: 10.1007/s00705-007-0025-2
Source: PubMed


Development of vaccine strategies against human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes cervical cancer, is a priority. We investigated the use of virus-like particles (VLPs) of the most prevalent type, HPV-16, as carriers of foreign proteins. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) was fused to the N or C terminus of both L1 and L2, with L2 chimeras being co-expressed with native L1. Purified chimaeric VLPs were comparable in size ( approximately 55 nm) to native HPV VLPs. Conformation-specific monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) bound to the VLPs, thereby indicating that they possibly retain their antigenicity. In addition, all of the VLPs encapsidated DNA in the range of 6-8 kb.

Download full-text


Available from: Arvind Varsani,
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Using human papillomavirus (HPV) as a subunit vaccine and its manipulation of surface loops is current trending research. Since the atomic model of L1 protein conformations were deciphered, their manipulations of epitopes bring multivalent vaccines. Here, in the present study, we have manipulated antigenic loops of HPV 6b L1 capsid proteins in the amino acid regions 174 ∼ 175 (L1:174EGFP) and 348 ∼ 349 (L1:348EGFP) with whole enhanced green fluorescent protein(EGFP), expressed in the silkworm larva using Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) bacmid technology. The expressed proteins were partially purified using sucrose density-gradient centrifugation and size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). The display of EGFP in virus-like particles (VLPs) was confirmed by immuno-fluorescence microscopy, Western blots and immune-transmission electron microscopy (immuno-TEM). There was higher expression of EGFP incorporated L1:174EGFP than L1:348EGFP. Hydrodynamic diameter of VLPs was corroborated by dynamic light scattering, confirming the size of expected range of around 160 nm and substantiating the incorporation of EGFP. From immuno-TEM, each L1:EGFP VLP formed small particles, suggesting that small particles of L1:EGFP fusion protein were aggregated. Our study illustrates that incorporation of whole protein can efficiently form chimeric VLPs, without hindering the conformation. HPV L1 protein accommodated a whole protein on its antigenic loop as a small particle, but an inserted whole protein was unstable.
    Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 06/2013; 18(3). DOI:10.1007/s12257-012-0719-5 · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Asymmetrical-flow field flow fractionation with multiple-angle light scattering (AFFFF-MALS) was, for the first time, used to characterize the size of murine polyomavirus virus-like particles (MPV VLPs) packaged with either insect cell genomic DNA or non-viral protein. Encapsidation of both genomic DNA and non-viral protein were found to cause a contraction in VLP radii of gyration by approximately 1 nm. Non-viral protein packaged into VLPs consisted of a series of glutathione-S-transferase, His and S tags attached to the N-terminal end of the MPV structural protein VP2 (M(r) = 67108). Transmission electron microscopy analysis of MPV VLPs packaging non-viral protein suggested that VLPs grew in diameter by approximately 5 nm, highlighting the differences between this invasive technique and the relatively non-invasive AFFFF-MALS technique. Encapsulation of non-viral protein into MPV VLPs was found to prevent co-encapsidation of genomic DNA. Further investigation into why this occurred led to the discovery that encapsulation of non-viral protein alters the nuclear localization of MPV VLPs during in vivo assembly. VLPs were relocated away from the ring zone and the nuclear membrane towards the centre of the nucleus amongst the virogenic stroma. The change in nuclear localization away from the site where VLP assembly usually occurs is a likely reason why encapsidation of genomic DNA did not take place.
    Archives of Virology 02/2008; 153(11):2027-39. DOI:10.1007/s00705-008-0220-9 · 2.39 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The African streak viruses (AfSVs) are a diverse group of mastrevirus species (family Geminiviridae) that infect a wide variety of annual and perennial grass species across the African continent and its nearby Indian Ocean islands. Six AfSV species (of which maize streak virus is the best known) have been described. Here we report the full genome sequences of eight isolates of a seventh AfSV species: Urochloa streak virus (USV), sampled from various locations in Nigeria. Despite there being good evidence of recombination in many other AfSV species, we found no convincing evidence that any of the USV sequences were either inter- or intra-species recombinants. The USV isolates, all of which appear to be variants of the same strain (their genome sequences are all more than 98% identical), share less than 69% nucleotide sequence identity with other currently described AfSV species.
    Archives of Virology 07/2008; 153(7):1407-10. DOI:10.1007/s00705-008-0123-9 · 2.39 Impact Factor
Show more