Efficacy and safety of peginterferon-alpha 2b and ribavirin combination therapy in children with chronic hepatitis C infection

Pediatric Liver Service, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal (Impact Factor: 3.14). 02/2008; 27(2):142-8. DOI: 10.1097/INF.0b013e318159836c
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Interferon (IFN)-alpha2b plus ribavirin is approved for treatment of hepatitis C in children; however, little is known about efficacy and tolerability of pegylated IFN (PEG-IFN)-alpha2b in this population. The objective of this study was to test the efficacy and safety of PEG-IFN-alpha2b plus ribavirin in children with chronic hepatitis C.
Thirty children 3-16 years of age who had detectable hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA for >or=3 years after exposure and elevated alanine aminotransferase values received PEG-IFN-alpha2b 1.0 microg/kg/wk plus ribavirin 15 mg/kg/d for 24 weeks (genotype 2/3) or 48 weeks (genotype 1/4). The primary endpoint was sustained virologic response (SVR), defined as undetectable HCV RNA (<50 IU/mL) at week 24 of follow-up.
SVR was achieved in 50% of patients (3/3 genotype 3; 12/27 genotype 1/4). At week 12, 52% of patients were HCV RNA negative and 72% had a >2 log10 decrease in viral load, compared with baseline; 87% and 71% of these patients, respectively, attained an SVR. Therapy was discontinued in 3 patients as a result of adverse events. No patient required ribavirin dose reduction; PEG-IFN-alpha2b dose was reduced in 23% of patients to manage neutropenia.
Combination therapy with PEG-IFN-alpha2b and ribavirin treatment was effective in children with chronic hepatitis C. Virologic status at week 12 identified future responders and nonresponders. PEG-IFN-alpha2b and ribavirin were reasonably well tolerated, with no unexpected or permanent adverse effects. Further studies are needed to identify the optimum treatment regimen for this patient population.

  • Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 04/2014; 38(4). DOI:10.1016/j.clinre.2014.03.009 · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To preliminarily explore the association of rs12979860 and rs8099917 SNPs with chronic HCV infection in Chinese Han children. Methods: Chronic HCV infection patients (n=277; 1-17 years old, 4.5 years old in average) and healthy subjects (n=150, children; 2-17 years old, 5.2 years old in average) were recruited and tested by PCR combining direct sequencing. The differences between the rs12979860 and rs8099917 genotypes in patients and healthy subjects were compared. Results: The genetic variations at rs12979860 and rs8099917 in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) children and healthy subjects did not differ significantly. The frequency of spontaneous clearance in CHC children was higher (47%), which is related to the genetic variations. The histological changes of patients were more significant compared to their clinical and biochemical indices, but they did not correlate with the genetic mutations at rs12979860 and rs8099917 significantly. Conclusion: The rs12979860 and rs8099917 SNPs are independent factors predicting the spontaneous clearance of Chinese CHC children patients. The correlation between diseases outcomes are in need of further study.
    Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Online 05/2014; 30(3):519-24. DOI:10.12669/pjms.303.4267 · 0.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the safety and efficacy of a Hansenula-derived PEGylated (polyethylene glycol) interferon (IFN)-alpha-2a (Reiferon Retard) plus ribavirin customized regimen in treatment-naïve and previously treated (non-responders and relapsers) Egyptian children with chronic hepatitis C infection. Forty-six children with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection were selected from three tertiary pediatric hepatology centers. Clinical and laboratory evaluations were undertaken. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for HCV-RNA was performed before starting treatment, and again at 4, 12, 24, 48, 72 wk during treatment and 6 mo after treatment cessation. All patients were assigned to receive a weekly subcutaneous injection of PEG-IFN-alpha-2a plus daily oral ribavirin for 12 wk. Thirty-four patients were treatment-naïve and 12 had a previous treatment trial. Patients were then divided according to PCR results into two groups. Group I included patients who continued treatment on a weekly basis (7-d schedule), while group II included patients who continued treatment on a 5-d schedule. Patients from either group who were PCR-negative at week 48, but had at least one PCR-positive test during therapy, were assigned to have an extended treatment course up to 72 wk. The occurrence of adverse effects was assessed during treatment and follow up. The study was registered at (NCT02027493). Only 11 out of 46 (23.9%) patients showed a sustained virological response (SVR), two patients were responders at the end of treatment; however, they were lost to follow up at 6 mo post treatment. Breakthrough was seen in 18 (39.1%) patients, one patient (2.17%) showed relapse and 14 (30.4%) were non-responders. Male gender, short duration of infection, low viral load, mild activity, and mild fibrosis were the factors related to a better response. On the other hand, patients with high viral load and absence of fibrosis failed to respond to treatment. Before treatment, liver transaminases were elevated. After commencing treatment, they were normalized in all patients at week 4 and were maintained normal in responders till the end of treatment, while they increased again significantly in non-responders (P = 0.007 and 0.003 at week 24 and 72 respectively). The 5-d schedule did not affect the response rate (1/17 had SVR). Treatment duration (whether 48 wk or extended course to 72 wk) gave similar response rates (9/36 vs 2/8 respectively; P = 0.49). Type of previous treatment (short acting IFN vs PEG-IFN) did not affect the response to retreatment. On the other hand, SVR was significantly higher in previous relapsers than in previous non-responders (P = 0.039). Only mild reversible adverse effects were observed and children tolerated the treatment well. Reiferon Retard plus ribavirin combined therapy was safe. Our customized regimen did not influence SVR rates. Further trials on larger numbers of patients are warranted.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2014; 20(16):4681-4691. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v20.i16.4681 · 2.43 Impact Factor


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