A phase I trial of Ad.hIFN-beta gene therapy for glioma.

Department of Neurosurgery, Dardinger Neuro-oncology Center, James Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1240, USA.
Molecular Therapy (Impact Factor: 6.43). 04/2008; 16(3):618-26. DOI: 10.1038/
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) is a pleiotropic cytokine with antitumoral activity. In an effort to improve the therapeutic index of IFN-beta by providing local, sustained delivery of IFN-beta to gliomas, the safety and biological activity of a human IFN-beta (hIFN-beta)-expressing adenovirus vector (Ad.hIFN-beta) was evaluated in patients with malignant glioma by stereotactic injection, followed 4-8 days later by surgical removal of tumor with additional injections of Ad.hIFN-beta into the tumor bed. Eleven patients received Ad.hIFN-beta in cohorts of 2 x 10(10), 6 x 10(10), or 2 x 10(11) vector particles (vp). The most common adverse events were considered by the investigator as being unrelated to treatment. One patient, who was enrolled in the cohort with the highest dose levels, experienced dose-limiting, treatment-related Grade 4 confusion following the post-operative injection. Ad.hIFN-beta DNA was detected within the tumor, blood, and nasal swabs in a dose-dependent fashion and hIFN-beta protein was detectable within the tumor. At the highest doses tested, a reproducible increase in tumor cell apoptosis in post-treatment versus pre-treatment biopsies with associated tumor necrosis was observed. Direct Ad.hIFN-beta injection into the tumor and the surrounding normal brain areas after surgical removal was feasible and associated with apoptosis induction.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma remains a lethal diagnosis with a 5-year survival rate of less than 10%. (JAMA 352:987-96, 2005) Although immunotherapy-based approaches are capable of inducing detectable immune responses against tumor-specific antigens, improvements in clinical outcomes are modest, in no small part due to tumor-induced immunosuppressive mechanisms that promote immune escape and immuno-resistance. Immunotherapeutic strategies aimed at bolstering the immune response while neutralizing immunosuppression will play a critical role in improving treatment outcomes for glioblastoma patients. In vivo murine models of glioma provide an invaluable resource to achieving that end, and their use is an essential part of the preclinical workup for novel therapeutics that need to be tested in animal models prior to testing experimental therapies in patients. In this article, we review five contemporary immunocompetent mouse models, GL261 (C57BL/6), GL26 (C57BL/6) CT-2A (C57BL/6), SMA-560 (VM/Dk), and 4C8 (B6D2F1), each of which offer a suitable platform for testing novel immunotherapeutic approaches.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 04/2014; 12(1):107. · 3.99 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor in adults and it carries a dismal prognosis. Adenoviral vector (Ad)-mediated gene transfer is being developed as a promising therapeutic strategy for GBM. Preclinical studies have demonstrated safety and efficacy of adenovirus administration into the brain and tumor mass in rodents and into the non-human primates' brain. Importantly, Ads have been safely administered within the tumor resection cavity in humans. Areas covered: This review gives background on GBM and Ads; we describe gene therapy strategies for GBM and discuss the value of combination approaches. Finally, we discuss the results of the human clinical trials for GBM that have used Ads. Expert opinion: The transduction characteristics of Ads, and their safety profile, added to their capacity to achieve high levels of transgene expression have made them powerful vectors for the treatment of GBM. Recent gene therapy successes in the treatment of retinal diseases and systemic brain metabolic diseases encourage the development of gene therapy for malignant glioma. Exciting clinical trials are currently recruiting patients; although, it is the large randomized Phase III controlled clinical trials that will provide the final decision on the success of gene therapy for the treatment of GBM.
    Expert opinion on biological therapy 04/2014; · 3.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: More than two decades have passed since the first gene therapy clinical trial was conducted. During this time, we have gained much knowledge regarding gene therapy in general, but also learned to understand the fear that persists in society. We have experienced drawbacks and successes. More than 1700 clinical trials have been conducted where gene therapy is used as a means for therapy. In the very first trial, patients with advanced melanoma were treated with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes genetically modified ex-vivo to express tumor necrosis factor. Around the same time the first gene therapy trial was conducted, the ethical aspects of performing gene therapy on humans was intensively discussed. What are the risks involved with gene therapy? Can we control the technology? What is ethically acceptable and what are the indications gene therapy can be used for? Initially, gene therapy was thought to be implemented mainly for the treatment of monogenetic diseases, such as adenosine deaminase deficiency. However, other therapeutic areas have become of interest and currently cancer is the most studied therapeutic area for gene therapy based medicines. In this review I will be giving a short introduction into gene therapy and will direct the discussion to where we should go from here. Furthermore, I will focus on the use of the Herpes simplex virus-thymidine kinase for gene therapy of malignant gliomas and highlight the efficacy of gene therapy for the treatment of malignant gliomas, but other strategies will also be mentioned.
    World journal of experimental medicine. 12/2011; 1(1):10-16.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Aug 22, 2014