A phase I trial of Ad.hIFN-beta gene therapy for glioma.
ABSTRACT Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) is a pleiotropic cytokine with antitumoral activity. In an effort to improve the therapeutic index of IFN-beta by providing local, sustained delivery of IFN-beta to gliomas, the safety and biological activity of a human IFN-beta (hIFN-beta)-expressing adenovirus vector (Ad.hIFN-beta) was evaluated in patients with malignant glioma by stereotactic injection, followed 4-8 days later by surgical removal of tumor with additional injections of Ad.hIFN-beta into the tumor bed. Eleven patients received Ad.hIFN-beta in cohorts of 2 x 10(10), 6 x 10(10), or 2 x 10(11) vector particles (vp). The most common adverse events were considered by the investigator as being unrelated to treatment. One patient, who was enrolled in the cohort with the highest dose levels, experienced dose-limiting, treatment-related Grade 4 confusion following the post-operative injection. Ad.hIFN-beta DNA was detected within the tumor, blood, and nasal swabs in a dose-dependent fashion and hIFN-beta protein was detectable within the tumor. At the highest doses tested, a reproducible increase in tumor cell apoptosis in post-treatment versus pre-treatment biopsies with associated tumor necrosis was observed. Direct Ad.hIFN-beta injection into the tumor and the surrounding normal brain areas after surgical removal was feasible and associated with apoptosis induction.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Kevin Owen Lillehei, Aug 22, 2014
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ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma remains a lethal diagnosis with a 5-year survival rate of less than 10%. (JAMA 352:987-96, 2005) Although immunotherapy-based approaches are capable of inducing detectable immune responses against tumor-specific antigens, improvements in clinical outcomes are modest, in no small part due to tumor-induced immunosuppressive mechanisms that promote immune escape and immuno-resistance. Immunotherapeutic strategies aimed at bolstering the immune response while neutralizing immunosuppression will play a critical role in improving treatment outcomes for glioblastoma patients. In vivo murine models of glioma provide an invaluable resource to achieving that end, and their use is an essential part of the preclinical workup for novel therapeutics that need to be tested in animal models prior to testing experimental therapies in patients. In this article, we review five contemporary immunocompetent mouse models, GL261 (C57BL/6), GL26 (C57BL/6) CT-2A (C57BL/6), SMA-560 (VM/Dk), and 4C8 (B6D2F1), each of which offer a suitable platform for testing novel immunotherapeutic approaches.Journal of Translational Medicine 04/2014; 12(1):107. DOI:10.1186/1479-5876-12-107 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor in adults and it carries a dismal prognosis. Adenoviral vector (Ad)-mediated gene transfer is being developed as a promising therapeutic strategy for GBM. Preclinical studies have demonstrated safety and efficacy of adenovirus administration into the brain and tumor mass in rodents and into the non-human primates' brain. Importantly, Ads have been safely administered within the tumor resection cavity in humans. Areas covered: This review gives background on GBM and Ads; we describe gene therapy strategies for GBM and discuss the value of combination approaches. Finally, we discuss the results of the human clinical trials for GBM that have used Ads. Expert opinion: The transduction characteristics of Ads, and their safety profile, added to their capacity to achieve high levels of transgene expression have made them powerful vectors for the treatment of GBM. Recent gene therapy successes in the treatment of retinal diseases and systemic brain metabolic diseases encourage the development of gene therapy for malignant glioma. Exciting clinical trials are currently recruiting patients; although, it is the large randomized Phase III controlled clinical trials that will provide the final decision on the success of gene therapy for the treatment of GBM.Expert opinion on biological therapy 04/2014; 14(9). DOI:10.1517/14712598.2014.915307 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Complex genetic mutations are common in brain cancer, making gene therapy an attractive approach to repair or modulate altered genes and cellular pathways. Non-viral gene vectors can offer DNA delivery without the risk of immunogenicity and/or insertional mutagenesis that are common with viral vectors. We developed pH-responsive DNA nanoparticles, CH12K18PEG5k, by inserting a poly-L-histidine segment between PEG and poly-L-lysine to engineer a triblock copolymer. CH12K18PEG5k DNA nanoparticles trafficked through clathrin-dependent endocytosis (CME) as the primary pathway in mouse glioblastoma (GBM) cells, and protected plasmid DNA from both DNase-mediated and acidic lysosomal degradation. CH12K18PEG5k DNA nanoparticles effectively silenced a tumor-specific transgene (firefly luciferase) following direct injection into mouse intracranial GBM. Toxicity and histological analysis showed no evidence of acute or delayed inflammatory responses. These results demonstrate the utility of using this DNA nanoparticle-based technology for delivering genes to tumor cells as a possible therapeutic approach for patients with brain cancer.06/2014; 2(46). DOI:10.1039/C4TB00559G