Multiple visceral hematomas in a child with familial Mediterranean fever: Polyarteritis nodosa
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Dr. Sami Ulus Children's Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.Pediatric Nephrology (Impact Factor: 2.86). 08/2008; 23(8):1233, 1235-7. DOI: 10.1007/s00467-007-0677-x
A 14-year-old girl was diagnosed with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) with homozygous for M694V mutation of the MEFV gene and was started on colchicine therapy 4 years before admission to our hospital. She was uncompliant to therapy and was admitted to a local hospital with complaining of fever, malaise, abdominal pain and artralgia lasting for 2 months. Multiple hypoechogenic mass lesions were detected on liver and kidneys with ultrasonography (US) and diagnosed to be hematomas by laparoscopic examination. She was referred to our hospital because of development of convulsions. On physical examination her blood pressure was 140/90 mmHg and body temperature was 39 degrees C. She was pale and extremely cachectic, with atrophic muscles of the extremities. She had diffuse abdominal tenderness and hepatosplenomegaly. Laboratory investigations revealed a hemoglobin of 9.8 g/dl, white blood cell count 9,900/mm3, platelets 213,000/mm3, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) 112 mm/h, C- reactive protein (CRP) 78 mg/L (normal < 2 mg/L) and fibrinogen 500 mg/dl. Electrolytes, renal and hepatic functions and urinalysis were normal. Examinations of peripheric blood smear and bone marrow aspiration were normal. X-rays of bones and chest showed no pathological finding. Protrombine, partial thromboplastine and bleeding times were normal. Bacterial cultures of blood, urine and stool grew no organisms. Serological tests for hepatitis B and C, cytomegalovirus, salmonella and brucella were negative.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disease, presenting with recurrent episodes of fever and polyserositis. Neurologic involvement in FMF is rare and usually considered fortuitous. The aim of this article is to review the spectrum of possible neurologic manifestations, which can be encountered in FMF patients, and to establish their relation to FMF. We reviewed the literature based on Pubmed search to find neurologic manifestations, which were reported in FMF patients. To that we added our own experience on the subject, abstracted from our computerised FMF registry of 12000 FMF patients of the National FMF Center and the computerised database of Sheba Medical Center. A wide range of neurologic manifestations involving FMF patients was noted. A large part of these manifestations could be directly related to FMF, its complications, associated diseases and treatment adverse effects. The remaining were incidental, or of uncertain association to FMF. A physician, taking care of an FMF patient, can face various neurologic manifestations and should be aware of their origin. The current chapter provides an insight to this association of FMF.Best practice & research. Clinical rheumatology 02/2012; 26(1):119-33. DOI:10.1016/j.berh.2012.01.004 · 2.60 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited disease characterized by recurrent bouts of fever and polyserositis and caused by MEditerranean FeVer gene (MEFV) mutations. Given the febrile characteristics of the disease one would expect higher frequency of febrile seizure in this group of pediatric patients. To evaluate the frequency of febrile seizure and related factors in patients with FMF. The children with the diagnosis of FMF were enrolled in the study. Information including clinical features, type of mutation and the history of febrile seizure were all noted. A total of 97 patients, 43 (44.3%) girls with a median age of 7.93 ± 4.05 years (2-16) and a median follow-up period of 20.65 ± 24.33 months (6-135) were included in the study. The frequency of febrile seizure in children with FMF was found as 13.4%, which is higher than the general population [p = 0.04, OR: 2.9 (95% CI: 1.0-8.5)]. The allele frequency of exon 2 mutations in MEFV genes was higher in the patients with febrile seizure (p = 0.03). Frequency of FMF related clinical findings (fever, abdominal pain, arthralgia/myalgia, arthritis, chest pain and erysipelas-like erythema) was similar between the two groups. However, frequency of headache was higher in the patients with febrile seizure (p = 0.014). The frequency of febrile seizure in children with FMF was found to be higher than the general population. Although this finding may be related to high fever during FMF attacks in individuals with genetic propensity of febrile seizure, it may also be a neurologic complication of FMF. Copyright © 2015 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.European journal of paediatric neurology: EJPN: official journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society 05/2015; 19(5). DOI:10.1016/j.ejpn.2015.05.004 · 2.30 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.