Article

Fetal and neonatal ovarian cysts: is surgery indicated?

Department of Pediatric Surgery, AP-HP, Armand Trousseau Children's Hospital, Paris, France.
Prenatal Diagnosis (Impact Factor: 2.68). 02/2008; 28(1):15-20. DOI: 10.1002/pd.1915
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the frequency of ovarian torsion in neonates with ovarian cysts (OCs) and to analyze the outcome after surgical treatment.
A retrospective review of all infants with OCs managed in our institution during 20 years, was conducted. Our management included a follow-up (FU) of prenatal serial ultrasound (US) scan without prenatal cyst aspiration and early postnatal US scan. Neonatal surgery was indicated for cysts that appeared complex regardless of size and for simple cysts larger than 20 mm.
Sixty-seven OCs detected through prenatal diagnosis were identified. Cysts were detected at a median gestational age (GA) of 33 weeks. At diagnosis, median size of the OCs was 40 mm, and 18% were complex. On the postnatal US scan, 55% were complex. Neonatal surgery was performed for 64 OCs : 56% were torsed, 6% were hemorrhagic, and 38% were uncomplicated. Proportions of complex- and simple-appearing cysts on prenatal or postnatal US scan were the only significantly different parameters found between infants with torsed or not torsed OC.
Our study demonstrated that OC bears a high risk of ovarian loss. These findings have implications regarding information and treatment offered to pregnant women bearing an affected fetus.

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Sep 24, 2014