A study of aortic dimension in type B aortic dissection
ABSTRACT Difference between arch diameter and true lumen diameter in the descending aorta was studied in patients with type B aortic dissection. The diameters of the aortic arch (Proximal ) and mid-descending aorta (Distal ) were measured on computer tomography angiography (CTA) in 20 healthy adults. Forty-two patients with type B aortic dissection who underwent endovascular repair were divided into two groups: an acute group (23 patients) and a chronic group (19 patients). The diameters of the arch (Proximal ) and the true lumen of the mid-descending aorta (Distal ) were measured on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and CTA. The taper ratio was defined as (Proximal -Distal )/(Proximal )x100%. In the control group, the taper ratio was 13.0+/-4.7% on CTA. In the acute patients group, the taper ratio was 23.6+/-11.3% on DSA and 21.9+/-12.1% on CTA. In the chronic patients group, the taper ratio was 31.5+/-13.6% on DSA and 30.1+/-11.4% on CTA. In both acute and chronic type B aortic dissection, the aorta tapers significantly from arch to true lumen in the descending aorta. Stent-graft with tapered design may be a viable treatment option for endovascular repair of type B aortic dissection.
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ABSTRACT: Open stent-graft has been used in the treatment of aortic dissection in recent years. Two device related complications happened in two patients. One was stenosis of the true lumen in the descending aorta caused by infolding of the distal end of the stent-graft immediately after its deployment. The other one was a new intima tear at the distal end of the stent-graft caused by full expansion of the stent-graft two years after stent-graft implantation. With the refinement of the device and enrichment of surgeons' experience, such complications could be avoided in the future.Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 10/2008; 8(1):114-6. DOI:10.1510/icvts.2008.184135 · 1.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A 40-year-old, gravida 2, para 1 woman presented at a gestational age of 32 + 5 weeks' with sudden onset of a sharp chest and thoracic back pain. She was admitted 1 hour before the onset of pain because of some minor postcoital vaginal blood loss. Pregnancy was uneventful until 30 weeks of pregnancy when mild gestational diabetes was diagnosed. Computer tomography demonstrated a type A aortic dissection. A healthy male infant of 2105 g was delivered by emergency cesarean section followed by a Bentall procedure with composite graft replacement of the aorta, and aortic valve replacement was performed. Rapid multidisciplinary consultation, collaboration, and quick decision making led to a successful outcome for both the mother and her child.American Journal of Perinatology 11/2008; 26(2):153-7. DOI:10.1055/s-0028-1095184 · 1.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To characterize the heartbeat-related distension of dissected and non-dissected thoracic aortic segments in chronic aortic dissection type b (CADB) ECG-gated computed tomography angiography was performed in ten CADB patients. For 20 time points of the R-R interval, multiplanar reformations were taken at non-dissected (A, B) and dissected (C) aorta: ascending aorta (A), aortic vertex (B), 10 cm distal to left subclavian (Ct, true channel; Cf, false channel). Relative amplitudes of aortic area and major and minor axis diameter changes were quantified. Area amplitudes were 12.9 +/- 3.7%, 11.4 +/- 1.8%, 16.5 +/- 5.9% and 10.5 +/- 5.7% at A, B, Ct and Cf, respectively. Area amplitudes were significantly greater at Ct than at Cf and B (p < 0.05). Major axis diameter amplitudes were 7.7 +/- 1.9%, 6.2 +/- 1.3%, 5.9 +/- 2.0% and 6.1 +/- 3.6% at A, B, Ct and Cf, respectively. There were no differences in major axis diameter amplitudes. Minor axis diameter amplitudes were 6.7 +/- 2.1%, 8.4 +/- 1.9%, 12.7 +/- 6.3% and 6.0 +/- 2.2% at A, B, Ct and Cf, respectively. Minor axis diameter amplitudes were significantly the greatest at Ct (p < 0.05). In CADB, the heartbeat-related distension of aortic area and diameter is evenly distributed over the non-dissected aortic arch. As a result from different blood flow properties, there are significantly greater conformational changes in the true channel of the dissected aorta.European Radiology 01/2009; 19(1):245-53. DOI:10.1007/s00330-008-1103-x · 4.01 Impact Factor