Pretreatment with toll-like receptor 4 antagonist inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced preterm uterine contractility, cytokines, and prostaglandins in rhesus monkeys.

University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) (Impact Factor: 2.18). 02/2008; 15(2):121-7. DOI: 10.1177/1933719107310992
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Intrauterine infection, which occurs in most early preterm births, triggers an immune response culminating in preterm labor. The authors hypothesize that blockade of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced immune responses by a toll-like receptor 4 antagonist (TLR4A) would prevent elevations in amniotic fluid (AF) cytokines, prostaglandins, and uterine contractility. Chronically catheterized rhesus monkeys at 128 to 147 days' gestation received intra-amniotic infusions of either (1) saline (n = 6), (2) LPS (0.15-10 microg; n = 4), or (3) TLR4A pretreatment with LPS (10 microg) 1 hour later (n = 4). AF cytokines, prostaglandins, and uterine contractility were compared using 1-way ANOVA with Bonferroni-adjusted pairwise comparisons. Compared with saline controls, LPS induced significant elevations in AF interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- alpha, PGE(2), PGF(2)(alpha), and uterine contractility (P < .05). In contrast, TLR4A pretreatment inhibited LPS-induced uterine activity and was associated with significantly lower AF IL-8, TNF-alpha, PGE(2), and PGF(2)( alpha) versus LPS alone (P < .05). Toll-like receptor antagonists, together with antibiotics, may delay or prevent infection-associated preterm birth.

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