Structure of a Sliding Clamp on DNA

Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 228, New York, NY 10021, USA.
Cell (Impact Factor: 33.12). 02/2008; 132(1):43-54. DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2007.11.045
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The structure of the E. coli beta clamp polymerase processivity factor has been solved in complex with primed DNA. Interestingly, the clamp directly binds the DNA duplex and also forms a crystal contact with the ssDNA template strand, which binds into the protein-binding pocket of the clamp. We demonstrate that these clamp-DNA interactions function in clamp loading, perhaps by inducing the ring to close around DNA. Clamp binding to template ssDNA may also serve to hold the clamp at a primed site after loading or during switching of multiple factors on the clamp. Remarkably, the DNA is highly tilted as it passes through the beta ring. The pronounced 22 degrees angle of DNA through beta may enable DNA to switch between multiple factors bound to a single clamp simply by alternating from one protomer of the ring to the other.

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    ABSTRACT: The ubiquitous sliding clamp facilitates processivity of the replicative polymerase and acts as a platform to recruit proteins involved in replication, recombination and repair. While the dynamics of the E. coli β2-sliding clamp have been characterized in vitro, its in vivo stoichiometry and dynamics remain unclear. To probe both β2-clamp dynamics and stoichiometry in live E. coli cells, we use custom-built microfluidics in combination with single-molecule fluorescence microscopy and photoactivated fluorescence microscopy. We quantify the recruitment, binding and turnover of β2-sliding clamps on DNA during replication. These quantitative in vivo results demonstrate that numerous β2-clamps in E. coli remain on the DNA behind the replication fork for a protracted period of time, allowing them to form a docking platform for other enzymes involved in DNA metabolism.
    Nature Communications 12/2014; 5:5820. DOI:10.1038/ncomms6820 · 10.74 Impact Factor
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